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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Bernard de Fontenelle
His works include Dialogues des morts (1683) and Histoire des oracles.
Pierre Bayle
He compiled the famous Dictionnaire historique et critique.
Cultural Relativism
The principle that an individual's beliefs and activities make sense in terms of his own culture.
Tabula Rasa
The unformed, featureless mind in the philosophy of John Locke.
A group of radical thinkers who stressed the use of human reason and were critical of established religions.
Baron de Montesquieu
French philosopher and jurist who wrote the influential Parisian Letters.
Francois-Marie Arouet
He wrote 'Candide' and the 'Philosophical Dictionary'. Pen name was Voltaire.
Denis Diderot
His work on 'Encyclopédie' made him famous, and his friends included Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Voltaire.
David Hume
His works include 'A Treatise of Human Nature' and 'History of England'.
School of French thinkers who evolved the first complete system of economics.
Francois Quesnay
French political economist who emphasized the primary economic importance of land and agriculture.
Adam Smith
Scottish political economist and philosopher. Wrote "Wealth of Nations".
Baron Paul d'Holbach
His best-known work is Système de la nature (1770), first published under the name of Mirabaud.
Marie-Jean de Condorcet
French mathematician and philosopher known for his work on the mathematical theory of probability.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Swiss philosopher and writer who held that the individual is essentially good but usually corrupted by society.
Mary Wollstonecraft
British writer and reformer noted for 'A Vindication of the Rights of Woman'.
A periodic gathering of notable people, held at one person's home
A style of baroque art in Europe during the eighteenth century, characterized by flowing lines and elaborate decoration.
Antoine Watteau
French painter noted for his exuberant scenes of gallantry, such as 'The Embarkation for Cythera.'
Jacques-Louis David
His works include The Oath of the Horatii (1785) and The Death of Marat (1793).
Johann Sebastian Bach
German composer of the late baroque period.
George Frederick Handel
His works include 'Water Music', 'Music for the Royal Fireworks' and 'Zadok the Priest'.
Franz Joseph Haydn
Austrian composer who exerted great influence on the development of the classical symphony.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
His over 600 works include 41 symphonies, 27 piano concertos, and 16 operas.
Samuel Richardson
English writer whose epistolary novels include "Pamela."
Edward Gibbon
British historian who wrote the classic text 'The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire'.
Cesare Beccaria
Wrote 'Crime and Punishment', the first systematic statement of principles governing criminal punishment.
The old name given to the principal hospital in French towns.
Joseph II of Austria
Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790. He was one of the so-called "enlightened monarchs"
A reform movement in the German Lutheran Church during the 17th and 18th centuries.
John Wesley
British religious leader who founded Methodism.