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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
monounsaturated FA
oleic acid
palmitoleic acid
erucic acid
polyunsaturated FA
linoleic acid
linolenic acid
arachidonic acid
what has
1-helps in absorption of FA
2-detergent axn
bile salts
cholate
deoxycholate
bile salts
structural components of cell membranes
phospholipids
phospholipid in nervous system
sphingomyelin
phosholipid in
brain
spinal cord
cephalin
what is transported into cell by

receptor mediated endocytosis
lipoproteins
spingosine
choline
FA
phosphoric acid
sphingomyelin
lowest triglyceride
highest protein content
HDL
glycerol
2 FA
P
R group
phospholipid
highest content of cholesterol
LDL
highest triglyceride content
VLDL
primary plasma carriers of cholesterol
LDL
transport triglycerides to

muscle
adipose
VLDL
high concentration of
TRIGLYCERIDES
VLDL
most of cholesterol present as
acyl ester derivative
largest of lipoproteins
chylomicron
rich in cholesterol
LDL
least dense of lipoproteins
chylomicron
ketone bodies use what for it's synthesis
acetyl CoA by the liver mitochondria
protein rich
HDL
beta oxidation
FA > acetyl CoA
ketone bodies =
acetoacetate
beta-hydroxybutyrate
acetone
what is used by the liver mitochondria for ketone synthesis
acetyl CoA
most triacyglycerol
least protein
chylomicrons
what can be oxidized in brain
ketone bodies
NOT FAT
glycerol >
glucose
aerobic glycolysis in cytoplasm
glucose degraded to pyruvate
pyruvate > acetyl Co A
>oxaloacetate
in mitochondria

pyruvate dehydrogenase
what condenses to form
CITRATE
acetyl CoA
oxaloacetate
Acetyl CoA
malonyl CoA
malonyl ACP
Acetyl ACP
acetoacetyl ACP
butyryl ACP
FA
FA synthesis
what partcipates in synthesis of FA

BUT NOT IN BREAKDOWN
malonyl CoA
FA synthesis occurs
cytoplasm
what is transported out of MITOCHONDRIA TO CYTOPLASM
FOR FA syntehsis
citrate
mitochondria
FA breakdown
pantothenic acid
coenzyme A
involved in
FA synthesis
FA catabolism
coenzyme A=pantothenic acid
carrier substance for FA transport to the liver
carnitine
carnitine > Co A
oxidized to Acetyl -CoA
in mitochondria
BETA OXIDATION
what enters Kreb's
acetyl CoA
product of Kreb
CO2
nadh
fadh2
*both reducing equivalents*
acetyl co
bicarbonate
atp

form
malonyl CoA
oxidative phosphorylation
to form aTP
NADH
FADH2 reoxidezed by ETC to make ATP
key intermediate in synthesis of FA
malonyl CoA
other name for
BETA HYDROXYBUTYRATE
D-BETA-HYDROXYBUTYRATE
3-HYDROXYBUTYRATE
FA synthesis
cytosol
saturated fat
no double bonds
fa synthesis occurs in
liver
major lipids
triacylglycerols
phospholipids
steroids
choline
liver fat metabolism
deficiency of choline
1-fatty liver disease
2-hepatic cirrhosis
natural amine
choline
prevents depostion of fat in liver

-facilitates movement of fats into cells
choline