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62 Cards in this Set

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eosin/o
red, dawn, rosy
ex: eosinophil-
attraction for red
mon/o
one, single
ex: monocyte
one cell
-osis
abnormal condition
ex: thrombosis-
abnormal condition of clotting
hemat/o
blood
ex: hematocrit-
to separate blood
corpuscle
little body-refers to blood cell
-blast
immature, embryonic
ex: erythroblast-
red and immature
-stasis
stop,control
ex: hemostasis-
stop of blood
leukemia
an increase in cancerous white blood cells
neutr/o
neutral(neither base nor acid)
ex: neutropenia-
neutral deficiency
antibodies
Protein substances whose formation by lymphocytes is stimulated by the presence of antigens in the body. Helps to neutralize the antigen that stimulated its formation.
heparin
an anticoagulant produced by liver cells and found in blood and tissues
antigens
Foreign materials that stimulate the production of an antibody.
Naturally occuring antigens-Blood type A and B
granul/o
granules
ex: granulocyte-
cell granule
coagulation
process of blood clotting
myel/o
bone marrow
ex: myeloblast-
immature cell in bone marrow
heme
iron-containing nonprotein portion of the hemoglobin molecule
purpura
multiple pinpoint hemorrhages and accumulation of blood under the skin
purpura means purple
hemophilia
excessive bleeding caused by a congenital lack of one of the protein substances necessary for blood clotting; inherited
mononucleosis
an infectious disease evidenced by increased numbers of lymphocytes and enlarged cervical lymph nodes
"kissing disease"
electrophoresis
method of separating substances (such as proteins) by electrical charge
erythr/o
red
ex: erythrocytopenia-
red cell deficiency
differentiation
change in structure and function of a cell as it matures; specialization
-apheresis
removal, carry away
ex: plasmapheresis-
removal of plasma
poikil/o
varied, irregular
ex: poikilocytosis-
irregularity in the shape of red blood cells
erythrocyte
red blood cell
thrombocyte
platelet
morph/o
shape, form
ex: morphology-
study of shape
thromb/o
clot
ex: thrombocytopenia-
deficiency of cell clots
sider/o
iron
ex: sideropenia-
deficiency in iron
is/o
same, equal
ex: anisocytosis-
condition of unequal size in cells
formed elements
the cellular elements in blood
leuk/o
white
ex: leukocytopenia-
deficiency of white blood cells
kary/o
nucleus
ex: megakaryocyte-
enlarged nucleus in a cell
erythropoietin
a hormone secreted by the kidney that stimulates bone marrow to make red blood cells
fibrin
protein threads that form the basis of a blood clot
pernicious anemia
not enough red blood cells due to inablity to absorb vitamen B12 into the body
-oid
resembling, derived from
ex: myeloid-
resembling bone marrow
hemolytic anemia
reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction
cyt/o
cell
ex: cytology-
study of cells
phag/o
eat, swallow
ex: phagocyte-
a cell that swallows
plasmapheresis
process of using a centrifuge to separate the formed elements from the blood plasma. Formed elements retransferred into the donor and fresh-frozen plasma is used to replace withdrawn plasma.
-cytosis
abnormal condition of cells
macrocytosis-red blood cells that are larger than normal size
agglutination
clumping of recipient's blood cells when incompatible bloods are mixed.
-emia
blood condition
ex: leukemia-
white blood condition
leukocyte
white blood cell
-phoresis
carrying, transmission
ex: electrophoresis-
carrying of electricity
-philia
attration for (an increase in cell numbers)
ex: eosinophilia-
an increase in red cells
aplastic anemia
failure of blood cell production due to aplasia (absence of development) of bone marrow cells
-penia
deficiency
ex: granulocytopenia-
deficiency of granules in cells
hemochromatosis
excessive deposits of iron throughout the body
-poiesis
formation
ex: hematopoiesis-
formation of blood
hem/o
blood
ex: hemolysis-
destruction of red blood cells
multiple myeloma
malignant tumor of bone marrow
plasma
liquid portion of blood;
contains water, proteins, salts, nutrients, hormones, and vitamens
polycythemia vera
general increase in red blood cells (erythremia)
serum
plasma minus clotting proteins and cells
coagul/o
clotting
ex: anticoagulant-
one that is agains clotting
reticulocyte
developing red blood cell with a network of granules in its cytoplasm
platelet
smallest formed element in the blood; a thrombocyte
stem cell
a cell in bone marrow that gives rise to different types of blood cells
chrom/o
color
ex: hypochromia-
reduction in the hemoglobin in red blood cells
agglutin/o
clumping, sticking together
ex: agglutination-
process of clumping