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19 Cards in this Set

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Stephen Fyler 17.1

species
Stephen Fyler 17.1

a group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile offspring.
Stephen Fyler 17.1

classification
Stephen Fyler 17.1

the grouping of objects or information based on similarities.
Stephen Fyler 17.1

taxonomy
Stephen Fyler 17.1

the branch of biology that groups and names organisms based on studies of their different characteristics
Stephen Fyler 17.1

binomial nomenclature
Stephen Fyler 17.1

a classification system developed by Linnaeus to identify specific species. In this system the first word identifies the genus and the second word sometimes describes a characteristic of the organism.
Stephen Fyler 17.1

genus
Stephen Fyler 17.1

consists of a group of similar species.
Stephen Fyler 17.1

specific epithet
Stephen Fyler 17.1

describes a characteristic of the organism
Stephen Fyler 17.1

family
Stephen Fyler 17.1

consists of a group of similar genera
Stephen Fyler 17.1

order
Stephen Fyler 17.1

a taxon of similar families.
Stephen Fyler 17.1

class
Stephen Fyler 17.1

a taxon of similar orders.
Stephen Fyler 17.1

phylum
Stephen Fyler 17.1

a taxon of similar classes
Stephen Fyler 17.1

division
Stephen Fyler 17.1

taxonomic grouping of similar classes
Stephen Fyler 17.1

kingdom
Stephen Fyler 17.1

a taxon of similar phyla or divisions
Stephen Fyler 17.2

archaebacteria
Stephen Fyler 17.2

chemosynthetic prokaryotes that live in harsh environments
Stephen Fyler 17.2

phylogeny
Stephen Fyler 17.2

the evolutionary history of a species
Stephen Fyler 17.2

cladistics
Stephen Fyler 17.2

a biological system of classification that is based on phylogeny
Stephen Fyler 17.2

cladogram
Stephen Fyler 17.2

a model of the phylogeny of a species
Stephen Fyler 17.2

eubacteria
Stephen Fyler 17.2

have very strong cell walls and a less complex genetic makeup than found in archaebacteria or eukaryotes
Stephen Fyler 17.2

protist
Stephen Fyler 17.2

a eukaryote that lacks complex organ systems and lives in moist environments
Stephen Fyler 17.2

fungus
Stephen Fyler 17.2

either a unicellular or multicellular eukaryote that absorbs nutrients from organic materials in the environment