Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/27

Click to flip

27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What do co-enzymes serve as?
serve as an electron acceptors (energy shuttle) between different enzymes
What is the most important co-enzyme?
(NAD) Nicotinamide Adenine Dincleotide
What are the energy pathways found in the cytoplasm of prokaryotes?
glycolysis, fermentation, and citric acid cycle
What is the make up of NAD?
its is a composite molecule consisting of 2 linked nucleotides
Where is the pyrvated oxidation and respiratory chain found in a prokaryote cell
in the inner face of plasma membrane
When does the first enzyme in the sequence inhibited?
When there is a sufficient amout of "end product" accumulated
What does glucose + ATP form?
glucose-6-phosphate
What does isomerization yield?
fuctose-6-phosphate
What are cofactors?
metal ions (Cu, Fe, Mo Mg, etc.)
What enzyme controls the formation of fuctose-6P to fructose1,6-bisphosphate?
Phosphofructokinase
Fructose -6P is further energized by 1 ATP to form?
Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate
Where is the pyruvate oxidation and respiratory chain found in a eukaryote cell?
in the inner membrane of the mitochondria
What are the two energy pathways found in the cyoplasm of Eukaryotes?
glycolysis and fermentation
Where does glycolysis take place in the cell?
cytoplasm and is not bound to any particular structure
Glycolysis starts with the activation by ATP and after a total of 10 different reactions yields the 3-C compound _______.
pyruvate
What is the result when enzymatic ractions transfer electrons?
reduction and oxidation
A lot of enzyme is not ______.
good
What are the five cellular pathways that provide energy?
Glycolysis
Fermentation
Pyruvate Oxidation
Citric Acid Cycle
Respiratory Chain
Reduction and oxidation are always coupled events which brings the name_______.
redox
Where is the citric acid cycle found in a ekaryote cell?
in the matrix of the mitochondria
What does regulations of enzyme activity often include?
the binding of molecules other than than the substrate
_____ and ______ bind at sites different from teh active site(s) resulting in an __________ shape change.
1 inhibitors 2 activators 3 allosteric
What are co-enzymes?
organic molecules
What describes the anarobic degradation of glucose?
glycolysis
What is the result of biochemical pathways from the variety of enzymes?
metabolism
How many many ATP does it take to activate glucose?
2
what are regulated by the last reaction of a chain of enzymatic processes?
biochemical pathways