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23 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Describe the collection of characteristics common to all living things.
Living things have a complex,organized structure that consists largely of organic molecules. Living things respond to stimuli. Living things Actively maintain their complex structure and their internal environments by way of homeostasis. living things acquire and use materials/energy from their environment and convert them. living things grow,reproduce using a molecular blueprint called "DNA". they have the capacity to evolve
What does it mean to say that organisms have the capacity to evolve?
All organisms possess the capacity to evolve, but it is the ones with adaptations survive and reproduce more successfully than do others that lack those traits.
What are the basic assumptions of a "Scientific Inquiry"?
basic assumptions could be, the theory has been well tested and the results of the theory have been re-produced many times.
Give characteristics of a well-designed, and thus potentially valid, experiment
Hypothesis formulation,Designation of the variable, Control groups,Sample size
What Homeostatic mechanisms operate in animals to maintain a relatively stable body of temperature?
When temperatures rise to high a process of vasodilation occurs in which blood vessels are widened.
When Temperatures drop to low a process of vasoconstriction occurs in which the blood vessels narrow, and blood becomes restricted to the core of your body.
Give the sequences of levels of organization of matter from least to most inclusive.
At which level in the sequences of organization of matter does life appear?
the cell is the smallest form of life
What are the rules for using Binomial Nomenclature? Give several examples of scientific names
System of naming organisms in which each organism is indicated by two words, the genus (capitalized) and species (lowercase) names, both written in italics. For example, the tea rose is Rosa odorata; the common horse is Equus caballus. The system was developed by Carolus Linnaeus in the mid 18th century. The number of binomial names proliferated as new species were established and more categories were formed, and by the late 19th century the nomenclature of many groups of organisms was confused. International committees in the fields of zoology, botany, bacteriology, and virology have since established rules to clarify the situation. See also taxonomy.
What is a Taxidea taxus? What is a Lynx rufus?Lynx lynx
A Badger, A Bobcat, Eurasian Lynx
Describe the characteristics of a prokaryotic cell
Simple Cell Structure, Genetic material is not in the nucleus, one chromosome, includes bacteria
describe the characteristics of a eukaryotic cell
More complex cell structure genetic materials membrane bound nucleus, many chromosomes
Which Kingdoms have single-cell vs. multicellular organisms?
Unicellular Kingdoms: Protista & Monera; Multicellular Kingdoms: Animalia, Fungi, Plantae.
What are the five kingdoms of living things?
Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista, Monera
Which of the five kingdoms of life have prokaryotic cells? which have eukaryotic?
All kingdoms are Eukayotes but Monera who are prokatotes
Are virus's considered living things? what does it mean to say they are obligate intracellular parasites?
Virus's are not considered living things. Obligate intracellular parasites require a host cell to live.
Why is it so difficult to treat viral diseases?
they are difficult to eliminate without killing the host cell.
How are viral vaccines produced, and why? how are viruses typically transmitted and why?
Viral vaccines must be grown in eggs or other live cells, it is very time consuming. not practical where there is no refrigeration . Virsus are typically transmitted through body secretions
What are the principals of the law of natural causality
All events can be traced to natural causes that are potentially in our ability to comprehend.
What are the principals of the constancy of natural laws?
The laws of physics and chemistry that govern all non-living things also applies to all living things in all places across time.
How is the word theory used differently then in everyday language?
In scientific terms a "theory" i is a general explanation of an important natural phenomena
differentiate between inductive and deductive reasoning
inductive reasoning is creating a generalization based on a result of many observations. deductive reasoning is creating a hypothesis based on a well supported scientific theory.
What kinds of bonds exist within a water molecule?
Hydrogen Bonds
What kind of bonds exist between water molecules?
Polar Covalent Bonds