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18 Cards in this Set

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A teacher wants to deliver a sticker to Johnny every time he says “Please.” This would be considered positive reinforcement if:
a) The behavior of saying "Please" increases over time.
b) The behavior of saying "Please" decreases over time.
c) The behavior of saying "Please" does not change over time.
d) The behavior of sticker giving decreases over time.
a) The behavior of saying "Please" increases over time.
The qualifications to be considered when utilizing positive reinforcement are:
a) Delay between response and consequence
b) Stimulus conditions when response was emitted
c) Strength of motivation
d) All of these
d) All of these
An example of unconditioned reinforcer(s) is:
a) Food
b) Water
c) Oxygen
d) Warmth
e) Sexual stimulation
f) All of these
f) All of these
A neutral stimulus can be made into a reinforcer by:
a) Pairing it with an unconditioned stimulus
b) Pairing it with an unconditioned response
c) Presenting it individually after a response multiple times
d) A neutral stimulus cannot be utilized as a reinforcer
a) Pairing it with an unconditioned stimulus
Heather hears a phone ring, then picks up the phone. Her husband talks with her over the phone. What is the behavior in this three-term contingency?
a) Husband talking
b) Heather picks up the phone
c) Phone ringing
d) None of these
b) Heather picks up the phone
An example of a motivating operation is:
a) Hunger
b) Hay fever
c) Argument with significant other
d) All of these
e) None of these
d) All of these
Which of the following is not an appropriate way to identify potential reinforcers?
a) Pick a stimulus that is reinforcing for someone else
b) Ask the person or significant other what is reinforcing
c) Observe the person
d) Measure the person's responses to trial-based tests
a) Pick a stimulus that is reinforcing for someone else
Stimulus preference assessment refers to a variety of procedures to determine:
a) The stimulus a person prefers
b) The relative preference values of those stimuli
c) The conditions under which those preference values hold
d) All of these
d) All of these
What information does a concurrent schedule reinforcer assessment provide?
a) A rank order of preference for a variety of stimuli.
b) How often children will select one stimulus versus another to indicate preference
c) Whether or not a stimulus functions as a reinforcer and how effective that stimulus is as a reinforcer compared to other stimuli
d) All of these
e) None of these
c) Whether or not a stimulus functions as a reinforcer and how effective that stimulus is as a reinforcer compared to other stimuli
When two or more contingencies of reinforcement operate independently and simultaneously for two or more behaviors, what schedule of reinforcement is in effect?
a) Multiple
b) Mixed
c) Progressive-Ratio
d) Concurrent
e) All of these
f) None of these
d) Concurrent
Which schedule reinforcer assessment consists of two or more component schedules of reinforcement for a single response with only one component schedule in effect at any given time?
a) Progressive-Ratio
b) Multiple
c) Mixed
d) Concurrent
e) All of these
None of these
b) Multiple
The model for predicting whether (a) access to one behavior will function as reinforcement for another behavior based on the relative baseline rates at which each behavior occurs and (b) whether contingent access to one of the behaviors represents a restriction compared to the baseline level of engagement is known as the:
a) Response-satiation hypothesis
b) Response-contingency hypothesis
c) The Premack Principle
d) Response-deprivation hypothesis
e) None of these
d) Response-deprivation hypothesis
The response-deprivation hypothesis was built on whose concept?
a) Premack
b) Skinner
c) Watson
d) Pavlov
e) None of these
a) Premack
Experimental control when evaluating positive reinforcement is demonstrated by comparing:
a) Response rates in the presence of a contingency
b) Response rates in the absence of a contingency
c) Fixed time reinforcement to differential reinforcement
d) Differential reinforcement of other behavior to another reinforcement schedule, such as differential reinforcement of alternate behavior
e) All of these
f) None of these
e) All of these
The presentation of a potential reinforcer on a fixed or variable schedule independent of the occurrence of the target behavior is also referred to as:
a) Contingent reinforcement
b) Noncontingent reinforcement
c) Contingent punishment
d) Noncontingent punishment
e) None of these
f) All of these
b) Noncontingent reinforcement
Which could be used as a control condition when evaluating the effects of a reinforcement-based procedure?
a) Noncontingent reinforcement
b) Differential reinforcement of other behavior
c) Differential reinforcement of alternative behavior
d) All of these
e) None of these
d) All of these
Which of the following are guidelines for effective reinforcement?
a) Choosing reinforcers that are not relevant to the target behavior
b) Using reinforcers of low magnitude
c) Delaying the delivery of a reinforcer
d) Using the same reinforcers over and over again
e) None of these
e) None of these
Practitioners increase the effectiveness of positive reinforcement when they attend to the ________ of stimulus presentation.
a) Arrangement
b) Management
c) Administration
d) All of these
e) None of these
d) All of these