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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
All things being equal, an experiment that incorporates ________ reversal(s) presents a more convincing and compelling demonstration of experimental control than an experiment with _______ reversal(s).
a) Multiple, one
b) One, four
c) Several, multiple
d) Five, seven
a) Multiple, one
Which of the following is considered to be a reason for using a B-A-B design instead of an A-B-A-B design?
a) Irreversibility
b) Unlimited time in which to demonstrate practical and social significance
c) Sequence effects
d) When treatment is already in place
d) When treatment is already in place
This design is considered the most "straightforward" and generally most powerful within-subject design for demonstrating a functional relationship.
a) Alternating treatments design
b) Multiple baseline design
c) AB design
d) A-B-A-B reversal design
d) A-B-A-B reversal design
For most investigations it is suggested that you only change _______ variable(s) at a time.
a) One
b) Two
c) Three
d) Four
a) One
_________ control conditions might be used as a variation of the reversal design when it is not possible or when it is deemed inappropriate to completely eliminate an event or activity as a reinforcer.
a) Difference
b) Noncontingent reinforcement
c) Sequenced
d) Temporal
b) Noncontingent reinforcement
This experimental tactic entails repeated measures of behavior in a given setting that require at least three consecutive phases: baseline, introduction of the independent variable, and a return to baseline.
a) Alternating treatments design
b) Multiple baseline design
c) Repeated multiple measures design
d) ABA reversal design
d) ABA reversal design
________ means that a level of behavior observed in an earlier phase cannot be reproduced even though experimental conditions return to preintervention conditions.
a) Sequence effects
b) Irreversibility
c) Order effects
d) Reliability
b) Irreversibility
This design is predicated on the behavioral principle of stimulus discrimination and allows for the comparison of two or more different treatments.
a) Multiple baseline design
b) Alternating treatments design
c) A-B-A-B reversal design
d) Single-subject design
b) Alternating treatments design
An investigator who ________ turns the target behavior on and off by presenting and withdrawing a specific variable makes a clear and convincing demonstration of experimental control.
a) Conditionally
b) Haphazardly
c) Covertly
d) Reliably
d) Reliably
This term is used to describe the effects on a subject's behavior in a given condition that may be a result of the subject's experience with a prior condition.
a) Sequence
b) Irreversible
c) Temporal
d) Variable
a) Sequence