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93 Cards in this Set

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List some of the safety precautions (five) that could save you and your shipmate’s life.
Some safety precautions that could save lives include—
a. Observe all safety precautions
b. Report unsafe conditions
c. Warn your shipmates of hazards
d. Wear protective clothing and equipment
e. Stay alert
What are some shipboard environments (eight) that are dangerous?
Being aboard ship is dangerous. Some dangerous shipboard environments you may work in or work around involve—
a. Powerful machinery
b. High-speed equipment
c. High-temperature, high-pressure steam
d. Volatile fuels and propellants
e. Heavy lifts
f. High explosives
g. Electrical voltages
h. Wind and waves
Manufacturers provide data to people who use hazardous materials. What publication contains information on using, storing, and disposing of hazardous materials?
The publication that contains information on using, storing, and disposing of hazardous materials is the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).
What instruction dictates that all hands are to follow Material Safety Data Sheets guidelines?
According to OPNAVINST 5100.19, you should follow MSDS guidelines when handling hazardous materials.
If a boat swamps, what usually causes a loss of personnel?
If a boat swamps, don’t panic! Panic is easily spread from person to person causing people to lose their lives.
Why should you learn the location of cleats, bitts, and pad eyes on a ship’s deck?
You should learn the location of cleats, bitts, and pad eyes on a ship’s deck because they’re tripping hazards; if you know where hazards are located, you stand a better chance of avoiding the hazard.
What are two hazards found on flight decks of aircraft carriers?
Two hazards found on flight decks of aircraft carriers are—
a. Propellers
b. Jet engines
Handling cargo improperly can result in injury and death. What precautions should you follow when working over the side?
When working with line, never stand in the bight of a line. Keep clear of lines under strain because a line under strain can break with a whiplike snap that can cause severe bruising, broken bones, amputations, or death.
Handling cargo improperly can result in injury and death. What precautions should you follow when lifting heavy objects?
When lifting heavy objects, crouch close to the load with feet spread. Grip the object and lift with your arm and leg muscles (not your back). If the load is too heavy for one person to lift, ask for help.
Handling cargo improperly can result in injury and death. What precautions should you follow when steadying a load?
When steadying a load, use the nonworking side of a ship for fore-and-aft travel. Don’t stand between the load and a fixed object; don’t stand under a suspended load; and never ride loads.
What person grants permission for any work done aloft?
The OOD grants permission for any work done aloft.
What precautions are taken before permission is given for personnel to work aloft?
Before permission is given for personnel to work aloft, the following precautions are taken:
a. Power is secured on radio and radar antennas and controls associated with antennas are tagged.
b. The engineer officer is notified to prevent operations such as lifting boiler safety valves or blowing tubes.
Describe the purpose of lifelines.
Lifelines are safety barriers to prevent personnel from falling or being washed over the side.
Describe the equipment you should wear when working over the side.
When working over the side, you should wear the following equipment:
a. Standard Navy safety harness with safety line attached and tended by someone on deck
b. An inherently buoyant life jacket with a hole in the back, allowing you to wear a safety harness
Where do most accidents involving steam occur?
Most accidents involving steam happen in engine rooms and firerooms.
Describe the reason why you should never enter a closed space until its certified by the gas free engineer.
You should never enter a closed space until it’s certified by the gas free engineer because closed compartments contain unexpected dangers, including pressures, toxic gases, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and possibly no oxygen. The symptoms caused by bad air include—
a. Labored breathing
b. Excessive fatigue
c. Headache
d. Dizziness
Define the term open flame—
The term open flame includes all forms of fuel or gas lanterns, lighted candles, matches, cigarette lighters, and so on.
Define the term naked lights—
The term naked lights includes any unprotected electrical lighting device.
When storing solvents, what two actions should you take?
You should take the following actions when storing solvents:
a. Label all containers used to store solvents
b. Store solvents in appropriate lockers
When handling a weapon, you need to think about what you’re doing for what reason?
When handling a weapon, you need to think about what you’re doing because accidents don’t “just happen;” they’re caused. In fact, they’re often caused by personnel who don’t follow safety precautions or who are careless.
Projectiles that have a 3-inch or greater diameter are color-coded. What information is shown by the color code?
Projectiles that have a 3-inch or greater diameter are color-coded to show the projectile type and the kind of bursting charge that they contain.
What is the cause of many fatal shocks received from drills and fans?
Treating common 115-volt equipment lightly is the cause of many fatal shocks received from drills and fans.
List the three types of hazards associated with compressed gases.
Three types of hazards associated with compressed gases are—
a. Cylinders not secured
b. Cylinders under high pressure
c. Cylinders containing poisonous, flammable, or explosive material
True or false. Oxygen and chlorine are stowed in compartments separate from flammable gases.
True, oxygen and chlorine are stowed in compartments separate from flammable gases.
Why should you use a filter mask respirator when working with fiberglass?
You should use a filter mask respirator when working with fiberglass because fiberglass dust is abrasive and an irritant to skin and eyes.
Before beginning work to repair a piece of equipment, you should take what action?
Before beginning work to repair a piece of equipment, you should make sure that the equipment is de-energized and/or depressurized and tagged out of service.
What personnel are authorized to operate gas welding or cutting equipment?
Only properly trained personnel should operate gas welding or cutting equipment.
When working around rotating machinery, what types of clothing/equipment should you wear?
When working around rotating machinery, you should remove jewelry and watches and you shouldn’t wear loose fitting clothing; wear protecting clothing and equipment, such as hearing protection, eye, hand, and foot protection, dust and paint respirators, and so on.
List the safety precautions to follow when working with systems having pressurized liquids.
The safety precautions to follow when working with systems having pressurized liquids include—
a. Never connect or disconnect a hose from the system until the pressure has been removed.
b. Never point a charged (pressurized) fire hose at anyone.
c. Never use ruptured or worn hoses.
d. Don’t use spray paints, butane fluids, lacquers, and other aerosol products near a flame; don’t throw them into a fire; and don’t puncture the container.
If you’ve been exposed to acids or alkalis, what action should you take?
If you’ve been exposed to acids or alkalis, you should immediately seek medical attention.
Why shouldn’t you smoke near sewage- handling equipment?
You shouldn’t smoke near sewage-handling equipment for the following reasons:
a. Fuel leaks or spills can occur in the incinerator area where temperatures may exceed the flash point of the fuels used.
b. Methane and hydrogen sulfide may be emitted by any tank or tank leaks. These gases are also flammable and under some conditions are explosive.
List the three types of hearing protection.
The three types of hearing protection are the—
a. Headband,
b. Earplugs, and the
c. Circumaural muff.
List the three major precautions that you should follow when lifting heavy loads.
List the three major precautions you should follow when lifting heavy loads.
a. Don’t lift an object if it is too heavy or too clumsy for good balance.
b. Keep the load close to the center of your body.
c. Pull the load toward you; then lift it gradually.
What precaution is taken before a ship enters a shipyard for dry dock work?
Before entering a shipyard for dry dock work, every ship has a shipyard safety doctrine and conducts safety training before entering a shipyard.
LOX is dangerous and requires that you follow extra safety precautions. List two reasons why you should be careful when handling LOX.
LOX is dangerous to handle because—
a. It freezes immediately on contact.
b. As a gas, it exerts extremely high pressure.
Heat exhaustion and heat stroke are life threatening. List the signs of heat exhaustion and heat stroke.
The symptoms of heat exhaustion and heat stroke include—
a. Increased body temperature
b. Severe headache
c. Nausea
d. Reduced mental and physical performance
What is the major health threat of cold weather?
The major health threat of cold weather is hypothermia.
List three purposes of the tag-out bill.
Purposes of the tag-out bill include—
a. To provide personnel a way to prevent the improper operation of a component, piece of equipment, system, or a part of a system that’s isolated or in an abnormal condition.
b. To give personnel a way to operate an instrument that’s unreliable or not in a normal operating condition.
c. To give personal a way to accomplish certain planned maintenance system (PMS) procedures.
What person can make or break the tag-out system?
The tag-out system is made or broken by the person attaching the tag.
A DANGER tag identifies equipment that is in what condition?
A DANGER tag identifies equipment whose operation is prohibited because its use could jeopardize the safety of personnel or endanger equipment.
What documents are contained in tag-out logs?
Tag-out logs contain—
a. A copy of the main instruction and any other amplifying directives for administering the system.
b. A DANGER/CAUTION tag-out index and record of audits (index/audit record).
c. Cleared DANGER/CAUTION tag-out record sheets that have been cleared and completed.
List the personal protection equipment you should use for head protection.
Helmets and hats.
List the personal protection equipment you should use for electrical protective devices.
Rubber gloves, rubber mats, rubber hoods, rubber sleeves, and rubber blankets.
List the personal protection equipment you should use for eye protection.
Personal eyeglasses, common-use goggles, and common-use face shields.
List the personal protection equipment you should use for respiratory protection.
Respirators.
If you see a safety hazard, whom should you notify?
If you see a safety hazard, you should notify your immediate supervisor
When performing maintenance or upkeep on equipment or machinery, you would find applicable safety precautions in which of the following publications?
1. Planned maintenance system (PMS) cards
2. Operator’s manuals
3. Technical manuals
What type of information is contained in Material Safety Data Sheets?
Information about hazardous material
Which of the following is the major concern of Navy personnel aboard small boats?
Crew and Passenger safety
When handling lines or taking part in underway replenishment, you must always wear what article of safety equipment?
Inherently buoyant life jacket
List the hazards associated with jet aircraft on flight decks?
1. Being blown overboard
2. Being burned by jet exhaust
3. Being sucked into jet intakes
Lifelines are used for which of the following purposes?
To prevent personnel from being washed overboard
You should not paint scaffolding for which of the following reasons?
Paint conceals defects
Which of the following safety items should you use when handling cargo?
Safety shoes, Hard hat, and Gloves
When using a hand truck to move loads on a ramp, you should move the hand truck in what way?
Pull the load up, push the load down
When working aloft, you can receive a shock from which of the following pieces of gear?
Ladders, Guy wires, and Metal fittings
When working over the side, you must wear which of the following pieces of safety equipment?
Inherently buoyant life jacket
Accidents involving steam usually occur in what working spaces?
Engine and fire rooms
A person overcome by carbon monoxide has which of the following symptoms?
1. Sudden feeling of weakness
2. Headache
3. Drowsiness
If you are in a closed compartment and think you’re being affected by carbon monoxide, you should take which of the following actions?
Call for help and Get to fresh air
What person is authorized to certify that a closed space is safe to enter?
Gas free engineer
When using an internal combustion engine in a closed space for de-watering or fire fighting, you should take which of the following actions to ensure personal safety?
Make sure the exhaust is carried to the open atmosphere
During fueling operations, the word is passed “the use of open flame devices is prohibited.” Which of the following devices is/are considered an open flame?
Matches, Lighted candles, Cigarette lighters
Projectile-type ammunition that is 3 inches or greater in diameter can be identified by what method?
Color code
You should NEVER take which of the following items into a magazine?
Naked lights or Matches
Aboard ship, where are pyrotechnic materials usually stored?
In stowage spaces on topside decks
What person must approve the use of personal electrical equipment before you can use it aboard ship?
The engineer officer
Compartments used to store compressed gas cylinders should not be allowed to rise above what maximum temperature?
130 degrees (F)
On non-cargo ships, in what position should compressed gas cylinders be stored?
Vertically, valve up
Compartments that contain compressed gases are ventilated for what length of time if ventilation has been secured?
15 minutes
True or False. Oxygen and chlorine cylinders may be stored in close proximity (near) to fuel or gas cylinders.
True
True or False. Only trained and medically qualified personnel are authorized to remove asbestos.
True
A tool is classified as power-driven if it has which of the following power sources?
Pneumatic, Hydraulic, or Electrical
Personnel assigned to a fire watch during a welding operation must remain at their location for what minimum length of time after the job is completed?
30 minutes
When operating rotating machinery, you should never wear which of the following items?
Jewelry, Neckties, or Loose-fitting clothes
Compressed air can be used to clean disassembled machinery parts provided the pressure doesn’t exceed how many pounds per square inch (psi)?
30 psi
Sewage wastes contain bacteria and viruses. They can enter your body through which of the following means?
Your nose, mouth, or open sores
You should not use liquid soaps or scented disinfectants to clean up spilled sewage for what reason?
They may temporarily disguise inadequate clean-up procedures
You shouldn’t smoke around sewage-handling equipment for what reason?
Gases found around equipment and given off by sewage are explosive
Continuous exposure to high-level noises could cause which of the following kinds of hearing loss?
Temporary and Permanent
True or False. When working in machinery rooms and repair shops, you may be required to wear double-hearing protection.
True
True or False. When driving or riding in a Navy vehicle, you are required to wear seat belts.
True
Which of the following precautions should you follow when lifting heavy objects?
1. Keep the load close to the center of your body
2. Pull the load toward you; then lift gradually
3. If too heavy to lift alone, get help
Heat stress is caused by which of the following factors?
Workload, Humidity, and Air temperature
Prolonged exposure to heat stress conditions causes which of the following medical emergencies?
Heat stroke and Heat exhaustion
What is the major health risk to personnel who are exposed to severe cold weather?
Hypothermia
Which of the following documents standardizes tag-out procedures aboard ship?
OPNAVINST 3120.32
Under the tag-out procedures, what person has the authority to place a system off line for repairs or maintenance?
Authorizing officer
How many different tags are authorized for use in identifying defective instruments or pieces of equipment?
Two
What color is used to identify a danger tag?
Red
What color identifies a caution tag?
Yellow
What means are used to control an entire tag-out procedure?
Tag-out logs
Which of the following publications contain information on Navy safety?
OPNAVINST 5100.19