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59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
oikos
house
andron
boy
gynaikeion
girl
domus
house
fauces
entrance room
atrium
open greeting room
impluvium
collects rainwater
compluvium
hole in roof
tablinum
between atrium and peristyle court
ala
small closet
triclinium
dining room
cubiculum
bedroom
peristyle court
collonade surrounding court
taberna
shop
villa
country house
insula
lower class apartment
ashlar masonry
large rectangular blocks with smooth edges
pozzolana
reddish volcanic dust, reacts with lime and rubble. can set in damp conditions or under water.
opus incertum
irregular facing of small stones
opus reticulatum
small stones w/ a square face laid diagonally
opus testaceum
brick or tile facing
opus quadratum
squared blocks of stone in parrallel lines of same height
voussoir
wedge shape piece of stone for arch
keystone
center voussoir
arcade
row of arches
barrel vault
application of arch extended horizontally
brick arch
bricks?
cross vault (groin)
intersection of 2 vaults
true arch
?
basilica
large roofed hall for business or legal matters
forum
public space in city
pseudoperipteral
free standing columns in front, columns along sides are engaged with walls
'pastas' house
?
Campus Martius
place in rome with some dope buildings (i.e. pantheon, theater of marcellus)
Agrippa
Roman statesman and general. (63 BC - 12 BC) Built many aqueducts and original Panthenon.
castrum
outline wall of ostia
decumanus
central road in ostia running east/west
cardo
central road in ostia running north/south
insula
aparments blocks (important in ostia + pompeii)
thermae
public baths
palaestra
outdoor gym
tepidarium
warm bathroom heated by hypocaust
caldarium
hot room w/ steamy plunge (hypocaust)
frigidarium
large cold pool
hypocaust
heating system for warm/hot baths. furnace pumped hot air underground
tubuli
pipes that carried hot air up walls in hypocaust system
pilae
brick or concrete pilings that supported floor in a hypocaust system
Severus and Celer
Severus and Celer lived during the first century. Nero chose them as his architect-engineers for the Domus Aurea. Their work on the Domus Aurea, a palace-villa set down in the heart of Rome, shows that they rejected traditional Roman architecture in favor of a radically new architecture which utilized arches and which focussed on interior spaces.
Rabirius
Architect for Domitian (81-96). Designed Palentine Hill, maybe Colleseum.
Apollodorus of Damascus
Ancient Greek architect/enginner in 2nd century BC. Designed Trajan's Bridge, Trajan's Colum, and Forum Trajanum. Credited with Panthenon.
'pumpkin'/umbrella dome
Hadrian's Vill at Tivoli (see drawing in notes)
oculus
hole in roof (pantheon)
brick ribs
?
scaenae frons
?
broken pediment
see drawing in notes
Syrian arch/pediment
see notes
arcuated colonnade
arches line the border of the colonnade
nyphaeum
?
spolia
re-use of earlier building material on new monuments