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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anatomy
the study of the structure of the body
Pathology
the study of the structure and the functional changes in the body caused by disease
Physiology
the study of the functions of the body
Histology
the study of the tissue
Anatomic position
the stance of the body when it is erect with arms hanging to the sides and palms facing forward
Anterior
nearer to or at the front of the body
Distal
further from the attachment of an extremity to the trunk or a structure, farther from the point of origin
Erect position
plane (imaginary line) that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions “coronal”
Lateral
further from the midline of the body structure “opposite of medial”
Laterally recumbent position
the body is lying horizontally on either the right or left side
Medial
nearer to the body of the body or a structure
Prone
the body is lying with the face down in a horizontal position
Proximal
nearer to the attachment of an extremity to the trunk or a structure nearer to the point of origin “opposite of distal”
Sagittal plane
the vertical plane that divides the body into left or right sides
Supine
the body lying face up in a horizontal position
Transverse plane
a plane parallel to the ground, which divides the body into upper (superior) and lower (inferior) portions