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12 Cards in this Set

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ad hominem argument
"to or against the man" this is an argument that appeals to emotion rather than reason, to feeling rather than intellect
the device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning. Ex: the characters personify an abstraction like hope or freedom. The allegorical meaning usually deals with oral truth or a generalization about human existence
repetition of sounds, esp. consonant sounds in 2+ neighboring words. Can reinforce meaning, unify ideas, and/or supply a musical sound
direct/indirect reference to something that is presumably commonly known, such as an event, book,myth,place,or art. Historical, literary, religious, or mythical.
multiple meanings,(unintentional/intentional), of a word, phrase, sentence, or passage
a similarity or comparison between 2 diff things or the relationship between them. Can explain something unfamiliar by associating it with something familiar. Can make writing more vivid, imaginative, and intellectually engaging.
word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun
seeming contadiction of ideas, words, clauses, or sentences within a balanced gramatical structure. This parallelism emphasizes opposition of ideas.Ex: "Too black for heaven, too white for hell"
terse statement of known authorship that expresses a general truth or moral principle. Can be a emorable summation of the author's point. If authorship is unknown. considered a folk proverb
directly adresses an absent or imaginary person or personified abstraction, such as liberty or love. The effect may add familiarity or emotional intensity.
emotional mood createx by the enirety of a literary work, est. partly by the setting and the author's choice of objects that are describe. Ex: weather can contribute. Foreshadows events frequently
see mood
a representation esp. pictoral or literary, in which the subject;s distinctive features or peculiarities are deliberately exaggerated to produce a comic or grotesque effect.Sometimes can be so exaggerated that it becomes a grotesque imitation or misrepresentation. Synonyms: burlesque, parody, travesty, satire, lampoon.