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15 Cards in this Set

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Benzene
C_6_H_6_

/\
|()|
\/
Toluene
C7H8

C
|
/\
|()|
\/
Ethanoic Acid
(Acetic Acid )
CH3COOH
Propanoate
C2H5COO−

| CH3 - C - O | -(neg. charge)
| Ö |
Propanone
(Acetone)
CH3COCH3

CC(=O)C
Propanetriol
C3H5(OH)3

CH2-CH-CH2
OH OH OH
Diethyl Ether
C4H10O

CH3-CH2-O-CH2-CH3
Isopropyl Alcohol
C3H7OH

CH3-CH-CH3
OH
Methanone
CH3CH3OCH

CH3-C-CH3
Ö
Dimethyl Ester
CH3COOCH3

CH3 - C - O - CH3
Ö
Condensation
Formation of an alcohol from an aldehyde and water.
Addition Polymerization
"Opening" of double/triple bonds, with C chains.
(CH2 = CH2) -> (CH3 - CH3)
Saponification
Hydrolysis of fats by base
Oxidation/Combustion
In an excess of oxygen, hyrocarbons burn completely to form carbon dioxide & water.
Cis Trans Isomerism
Stereoisomeric olefins or cycloalkanes (or hetero-analogues) which differin the positions of atoms (or groups) relative to a reference plane: in thecis-isomer the atoms are on the same side, in the trans-isomer they are onopposite sides.1996, 68, 2204IUPAC Compendium of Chemical Terminology2nd Edition (1997)