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37 Cards in this Set

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Illiad and Odyssey
The epic poems written by homer. The Illiad is about the Trojan war as well as Achilles and the Trojan Hourse. The Odyssey is about Odysseaus the king of Ithaca on his way home from the Trojan War.
Rise of Greek City States
n
Events of the Persian Wars
The Persians outnumbered the Greeks but the Greeks won.
Delian League
An alliance between Athens and many other Greek city-states.
Parthenon
A temple built to honor Athena. Has giant statue of her in it made to honor her.
Acropolis
A very important site in Athens that has many great temples and buildings.
Golden Age of Athens
n
Agora
The center for commerce in Greek city-sates.
Pelopponesian Wars
A war between the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League that ended with the Greeks getting defeated.
Macedonia and Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great was an amazing ruler. He won many battles even though is army was largly outnumbered. He always carried around a copy of the Illiad with him.
Lasting Contributions of the Greeks
The Greeks made many great accomplishments in academics, architecture, the arts, and government.
Homer
Wrote the two epic poems The Illiad and The Odyssey.
Socrates
Believed in absolute truth, and taught using the Socratic method.
Plato
Founded the academy in Athens (Socrates taught Plato), wrote the republic (popular political theory that said if you have to have educated citizens to have a functioning democracy).
Aristotle
Learned at Plato's academy, and taught Alexander the Great.
Philip II
The Macedonian King who killed Alexander the Great.
Themistocles
The Athenian Navel General that lead the Navy at the battle of Salamis.
Pericles
The leader in Athens during the Golden Age. He rebuilds Athens after the Persian Wars.
Hippocrates
Involved in Medical Discoveries. Created the Hippocratic Oath that says if you have medical knowledge that you should use it to help others.
Darius
Persian emporer.
Xerxes
Persian emporer after Darius.
Darius III
Persian Emporer that is defeates by Alexander the Great.
Archimedes
The inventer of the simple machine. Created the principle of buoyancy (buoyancy = float).
Euclid
The father of Geometry
Herodotus
The father of History. The first true Historian. He wrote about the Persian Wars.
Thucydides
The second true historian. He wrote an acount of the Peloponisian Wars.
Sophocles
An author who wrote tragedies. His most famous work was Edipus Rex.
Phidias
He was a famous sculptor He sculpted many of the things in the Parthenon.
Pythagoras
Made the Pythagarum theory.
Democracy
A form of government in which the ruling power is in the hands of citizens.
Oligarchy
A form of government in which a small group holds power.
Monarchy
A form of government in which power is in the hands of a single person.
Tyranny
A form of government in which the ruling power is in the hands of an individual who has seized control, often by illegal means.
Delian League
An alliance between Athens and many other Greek city-states.
Socratic Method
A method of teaching by asking questions to encourage students to make their own discoveries and decisions.
Phalanx
A greek military formation.
Hellinistic Culture
The blending of Greek and Persian cultures.