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48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
folds of membrane that form flattened channels and tubular canals
endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
three substances contained within a nucleolus
proteins
RNA
DNA
the four main functions of membrane proteins
carriers
channels
enzymes
receptors
the two types of cell identity markers in the cell membrane
glycolipids
glycoproteins
the largest organelle in the cell
nucleus
The cytoplasm is the substance of the cell within the ________ and outside the ________.
membrane
nucleus
double-layered membrane that surrounds the nucleus
nuclear envelope
The ________ is found inside the nucleus and makes ribosomes.
nucleolus
The cytoplasm is mostly made of water, but also contains ________, nutrients, ________, and dissolved ________.
salts
wastes
gases
location of aerobic respiration
mitochondrion
plural: mitochondria
has a large surface area due to its looping membrane
endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
function of the cell membrane
regulates passage of molecules into and out of the cell
provide means of communication between nucleus and cytoplasm
nuclear pores in nuclear envelope
cristae found within its outer membrane
mitochondrion
the control center of the cell
nucleus
another term for interstitial (intercellular) fluid
internal environment
studded with ribosomes
rough endoplasmic reticulum
(rough ER)
functions are packaging and secretion
Golgi body
(Golgi apparatus, complex)
the three main parts of a human cell
cell(plasma)membrane
cytoplasm
organelles
term for cell division
mitosis
the "gatekeeper" of the cell
cell membrane
The function of the nucleolus is ________ formation.
ribosome
uses DNA to regulate cellular activities
nucleus
the cell's environment
cytoplasm
The funtion of the lysosome is intracellular ________.
digestion
four main parts of the nucleus
nuclear envelope
chromatin
nucleolus
nucleoplasm
three substances in the cell membrane besides phospholipids and integral proteins
cholesterol
glycolipids
glycoproteins
cell membrane model showing bilayer of phospholipids and protein molecules
fluid-mosaic model
composed of DNA and protein
chromosomes
creates proteins
ribosome
recognize similar cells or dangerous foreign cells
cell identity markers
openings throughout the nuclear envelope
nuclear pores
substance produced in the nucleolus that is vital to protein synthesis
ribosomal RNA
(rRNA)
two types of extracellular fluid
interstitial (intercellular)
plasma (lymph when in lymphatics)
the two main parts of the cell membrane
bilayer of globular and phospholipid proteins
fluid inside of a cell
intracellular fluid
(cytosol)
recycles worn-out products
lysosome
two classifications of movement of materials across the cell membrane
passive processes
active processes
concentrated area of RNA
nucleolus
two means of communication via cell membranes
receptors
identity markers
fluid outside of body cells
extracellular fluid
the cellular contents between the cell membrane and the nucleus
cytoplasm
fluid portion of the nucleus
nucleoplasm
highly organized cellular structures specialized for specific functions
organelles
the study of cells
cytology
function is transport by means of vesicles
endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
loose mass within the nucleus that is formed from DNA and protein
chromatin
process by which white blood cells engulf and destroy bacteria
phagocytosis