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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
golgi complex
packaging proteins
microfilaments
skeletal frame work
cytoplasm
water, dissolved material, where oxygen is available
microtubules
movement internal structure
ribosomes
protein factories, not membrane bound
endoplasmic reticulum
transport
lysosomes
suicide sack breaks down sacks
vacuole
stored food, water, wastes
DNA
traits, controls activities of a cell
mitochondria
powerhouse of the cell ATP
centrioles
cell division; microtubules to hook up with chromosomes
nucleus
holds DNA and instructions for the cell
nuclear membrane
keeps in one place, DNA
nuclear pore
allows for messenger RNA to leave the nucleus
cell membrane
protection, structure, allows molecules to pass through selectively permiable; carrier; facilitated diffusion; no energy needed
nucleolus
control of cell
nucleoplasm
liquidy fluid inside nucleus
phospholipids
make up cell membrane; membranes on organelles; nonpolar
anatomy
branch of science that deals with the structure of body parts their forms and arrangements
physiology
concerned with the functions of body parts what they do and how they do it
movement
change in an organisms position or to its traveling from one place to another. or the motion of internal parts
responsiveness
ability of an organism to sense changes taking place inside or outside its body and to react to these changes.
growth
an increase in body size usually without and important change in shape. new boy materials than old ones are worn out or used up
reproduction
process of making a new individual, as when parents produce an offspring. process by which microscopic cells produce others like themselves
respiration
is the process of obtaining oxygen using oxygen in the release of energy from food substances and removing the resultant gaseous wastes
digestion
process by which various food substances are chemically changed into simpler forms that can be taken in and used by body parts
absorption
the passage of digestive products through the membranes that line digestive organs and into the body fluids
circulation
the movement of substances from place to place within the body by means of the body fluids
assimilation
the changing of absorbed substances into forms that are chemically different from those that entered the body fluids
excretion
the removal of wastes that are produced by body parts as a result of their activities
needs of organisms
water= solvent
food=energy
oxygen=burn food (ATP)
heat=enzymes
pressure=blood pressure
homeostasis=maintain balance
vital signs
pulse, temperature, reflex, eyes, breathing, blood pressure
levels of organization
cells-tissue-organs-systems-human organism
tissues
nervous, muscles, epithelial, connective
organ systems
cardiovascular, reproductive, digestive, nervous, integarmentary, skeletal, muscular, urinary, endocrin, immune/lymphatic
cabohydrates
monosaccharides
disaccharides
polysaccharides
lipids
fats, waxes, oils
proteins
amino acids
nucleic acids
DNA & RNA
chloride ions
helps maintain water balance
carbon dioxide
waste product that results from metabolism reacts with water to form carbonic acid
oxygen
used in energy release from glucose molecule
calcium ions
necessary for bone development
sulfate ions
helps maintain polarizations of cell membrane
phosphate ions
required for synthesis of ATP nucleic acids and other vital substances components of bone tissue, help maintain polarization of cell membranes
magnesium ions
components of bone tissue, metabolic process
bicarbonate ions
helps maintain acid base balance
water
body fluids, biochemical reactions, transports chemicals, regulates body temperature
potassium ions
requied for polarization of cells
sodium ions
required for polarization of cell membrane helps maintain water balance
carbonate ions
component of bone tissue
enzymes
allow chemical reactions to occur very specific reactions specific shapes
sagittal
lengthwise cut that divids the body into right and left
transverse
cut that divides the body into supior and inferiors portions
frontal
dives body into anterior and posterior