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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The cerebrum derivates from what embryonic structure?
telencephalon
The topography of the cerebral cortex consists of what three elements?
fissures (deep grooves)
gyri (hills)
sulci (furrows)
What are the four major elements of the cerebral hemispheres?
1. cerebral cortex of gray matter
2. underlying white matter
3. discrete masses of gray matter at the base of the cerebrum (basal nuclei)
4. lateral ventricles
The frontal lobe is concerned with what?
itellectual functions, aggression, sexual behavior, olfaction, speech, and voluntary movement
Where is Broca's area of speech?
frontal lobe of the left hemisphere
The primary motor area is also known as?
precentral gyrus
What separates the frontal lobe from the parietal lobe?
central suclcus
The parietal lobe is concerned with?
body sensory awareness-taste, language, abstract reasoning, body imaging
What is the temporal concerned with?
limbic portion: fromation of emotions
nonlimbic portion: interpretation of language and hearing, a major memory processing area
What is the occipital lobe concerned with?
receiving, interpreting, and discriminating visual stimuli from optic tract
What is the limbic lobe?
center of emotional behavior
The left hemisphere deals with? right hemisphere deals with?
left: higher functions (math, analytical, verbal)
right: visual, spatial, and musical orientation
What are the two basal nuclei?
caudate and lenticular (putamen and globus pallidus)
What are the basal nuclei concerned with?
maintenance of muscle tone and programming of subconscious, sequential postural adjustments, monitor descending mkotor commands from cerebral cortex
Thalamic nuclei do what?
-integrate sensory experiences for appropriate motor response
-integrate specific sensory input with emotional responses
-regulate and maintain the conscious state
What are the subthalamic nuclei concerned with?
motor activity
The epithalamus or _____, produces what hormone?
pineal gland, melatonin