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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A complex and dynamic living tissue, continually engages in a process called remodeling?
Bone tissue
Which is NOT a function of the skeletal system?
A.mineral homeostasis
D. Movement
What are the two main minerals that are stored in bone tissue?
calcium and phosphorus
Red bone marrow produces red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets? T/F
The production of blood cells is called?
hemopoiesis (hematopoiesis)
Bone tissue is used for triglyceride storage in yellow bone marrow? T/F
True; adipose cells store triglycerides
The bones shaft or body?
The distal and proximal ends of long bones?
Part of a bone where the diaphysis joins the epiphyses?
Each metaphysis includes an _______ which allows the diaphysis of bone to grow in length?
epiphyseal plate
a thin layer of hyaline cartilage covering part of the epiphysis?
articular cartilage-forms an articulation (joint) with another bone-
the tough sheath of dense irregular connective tissue that surrounds the bone surface, helps nourish the bone tissue?
The space within the diaphysis that contains fatty yellow bone marrow?
medullary cavity or (marrow cavity)
A thin membrane that lines the medullary cavity?
Bone, or osseous tissues extracellular matrix is 25% water, 25% minerals and 50% collagen fibers? T/F
False; 25% water, 25% collagen fibers, and 50% minerals.
calcium phosphate combines with calcium hydroxide to form crystals of?
hydroxyapatite (inorganic)
Which is correct about extracellular matrix of bone?
A.1/5 organic
B.3/4 inorganic
C.2/3 organic
B. 3/4 inorganic
hardening of the bone?
calcification; initiated by osteoblasts
What are the four types of cells in bone tissue?
1. osteogenic cells
2. osteoblasts
3. osteocytes
4. osteoclasts
Cells that are unspecialized stem cells derived from mesenchyme?
Osteogenic cells
Bone building cells?
Mature bone cells that maintain bone function?
bone cells that destroy or breakdown the bone?
Another name for compact bone?
dense bone
Blood vessels, lymphatic vessels and nerves from the periosteum penetrate compact bone transversly through what?
perforating or Volkmann's canals
The vessels and nerves of the perforating canals connect longitudinally with what?
central or haversian canals
Small spaces between the lamellae?
lacunae- contain osteocytes
Radiating in all directions from the lacunae are tiny channels filled with extracellular fluid?
The components of compact bone tissue are arranged into repeating units called?
osteons or haversian systems