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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Chief of staff
top advisor to the president who also manages the white house staff
National Security advisor
a top foreign policy and defense advisor to the president who heads the national security counsil
divided government
control of he executive and the legislative branches by different political parties
conference committee
-set up to reconcile bills
-if the chief sponser is not on the committee, the bill was not meant to be passed
-pple on the committee:
-pple from the presidents office
-pple specializing in that field
-at the very least the leader of the house and senate get together
what is the national security cousil?
advise and assist the president on national security and foreign policies
executive order
a rule of regulation issued by the president that had the force of law, based either on constitutional powers of the president ot congressional statues
office of management and budget
-gathers and filters budget
-advises the president on how much the administration should prepose to spend for each government program and where the money will come from
according to the constitution what powers does the president have when it comes to foreign policy?
1. appoints; ambasitors, ministers, consuls - subject to confirmation by the senate
2. manages official contracts
3. negotiates treaties with 2/3 of the senates approval
4. negotiates executive agreements which are not subject to the senates approval
5. preserve, protect, and defend
extraordinary rendition
kidnapping suspected terrorists and sending them to secret locations
what does the president do about the budget?
prepares the budget but congress has to approve it
what is the difference between parlementary system and separation of powers?
parlementary system is when an elected official can be in both the executive and the legislative branches. Separation of powers is the citizens elect officials and the officials elect higher officials
gerrymandering
redrawing district lines so that it helps a political party or a candidate
cloture vote
need 60% to overthrough a filibuster in senate
filibuster
-i am not letting this vote happen
iran-contra affair
the US trading weapons with iran to free hostages
war powers act
gave congress more control over the president

not trading with the enemy
threshold
the minimum % of votes needed to win representation
trustee
acts on things based on what they think is best, tends not to care what the citizens think
which electoral system is better at representing different opinions?
parlementary system
delegate
does exactly what the citizens what him to do
coalition governement
combining parties on certain issues because there is no clear majority party
a hold
- i am stopping x
-not for the senate floor
-might be to focus on soemthing more important
descriptive representation
how the residents of the country are empowered by the government
party caucus
rallying of a party on either the house floor or the senate floor
mark up
revising a bill in a committee
national security act amendments
1.the president must take responsibility
2.has to write out what and why he's going to do it
3.the president has to sign off on it
rules committee
decides:
-how long the debate is going to be, if there is a debate
-whether to allow amendments to the bill
-rules about amending the bill
-close rule- no amendments
-open rule- allow amendments
what advantages do congressional incumbents have?
more likely to get reelected
what do congressional committees do?
1.legislate
a. regulations
b. criminal law
c. how ot pay for it all (power of the purse)
2. oversight
a. over the executive branch
b. committees
3. constituancy/ case work
a. pple call reps for specific problems and they take care of them
what does it mean "form a government" ?
1. parties go out and try to get other parties to work with them so that they can pass legislation - smaller parties
2. the larger parties offer the smaller parties:
a. ministry positions
b. impact on policy - by adopting thier party platform
federal judiciary constraints
1.have to wait for a case to coem to them
2. when it does come they have to have a plaitiff that has standing (direct effect on them)
3.circumstances of the case have to be moot (live issue)
4.importance of looking at previous cases and learning from them (precedent)
5.have to stick to the arguments that they were given but can ask questions to get them to make certain arguments
how do you become a federal judge?
appointed by the president and confirmed by the senate
judicial review
look over laws and decide whether or not they are constitutional or unconstitutional
USA vs nixon
watergate
is the president subject to criminal and civil judicial proceedings?
yes, USA vs Nixon and Jones vs Clinton
institutional presidency
the permanent bureaucracy associated with the presidency, designed to help the current leader of the office carry out his responisbilities
loose contructionist
underlying message of hte constitution
strict constructionist
the original message of the constitution, no changes, and not new interpretations
class action suit
a suit brought on behalf of a group of pple who are in a situation similar to that of the plaintiffs
dissenting opinion
the opinion of the judge or judges who are in the minority on a particular case before the supreme court
concurring opinion
the opinion of one or more judges who vote with the majority on a case but wish to set out different reasons for thier decisions
executive privilege
a presidential claim that not everything needs to be shared with congress
stare decisis
"to stand by things decided"
to express the notion that prior court decisions must be recognized as precedents
appellate courts
court of appeals between state trials and supreme court
federal district courts
cases involving federal law
marbury vs madison
the right to declare the actions of the other branches of the government null and void if they are contrary to the constitution
how is Roe vs Wade connected to Lawrence vs Texas?
equal protection law and right to privacy
single member plurality electoral system
winner take all

our system for the most part
proportional representation
voting for more than one person at a time
majority-minority districts
districts drawn so that a racial minority could have the chance to be in office
National security act
separation and organization of the US military forces