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60 Cards in this Set

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1. In 1957, the Russians launched ___________, the first artificial satellite.
Sputnik 1
2. The term ___________ is used for either a natural or an artificial object in space.
Satellite
3. Communication satellites began in 1958 when taped messages were broadcast from orbit on the _______ satellite. In 1962, _________ ___ became the first commercial satellite.
Score Telestar I
4. Intelsat stands for ____________ _______________ ____________ ____________. It is made up of 109 nations worldwide that control ___ satellites.
International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
5. TDRSS stands for __________ and ______ _______ ___________ _________. It provides full-time coverage for the _______ _________.
Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System space shuttle
6. The Deep Space Network provides continuous communications for planetary spacecraft probing into _______ _______.
deep space
7. The first navigational satellite, _________, was developed to provide Polaris missile submarines with the ability to fix accurate positions.
Transit
8. GPS is the NAVSTAR ________ _____________ ________ that offers a precise ____________ __________.
Global Positioning System positioning service
9. The Natural Resources Satellites locate ________ ___________ and monitor other conditions on the Earth’s surface. This is the task of the ___________ series of satellites.
natural resources LANDSAT
10. In 1960, Tiros 1 became the first __________ satellite.
weather
11. GOES stands for _____________ ____________ ______________ __________. GOES provides pictures of the Earth’s _________, pictures of _______ and provides information which helps with __________ ______________.
Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites clouds weather forecasting
12. The __________ satellite series discovered the Van Allen radiation belts.
Explorer
13. Satellites or spacecraft that either fly by, orbit or land on a celestial body, other than Earth, are called _______ ________.
space probes
14. The ___________ took pictures of the Moon in preparation of the Apollo landings. The ___________ series flew by Venus and Mercury and gave us pictures of Venus’ clouds and Mercury’s cratered surface.
Rangers Mariners
15. In the 1970s, the __________ probes gave us pictures of Jupiter and Saturn. Then in the late 1970s, __________ ___ and ___ also encountered Jupiter and Saturn.
Pioneer Voyager 1 and 2
16. In 1975, the _______ series explored the environment of Mars.
Viking
17. Satellites as a system are made up of four parts: ________, ______ ___________, _____-__________ and a __________.
people, space environment, sub-systems and launch
18. Customers define the overall ________ and _______________ for satellites.
purpose and requirements
19. ___________, _________ ____________ and _______ _______ are potentially dangerous for satellites.
radiation, charged particles and solar flares
20. ________________ and _______ ________ can also harm satellites. Some 20,000 tons of _________ ___________ make it into the Earth’s atmosphere every year.
micrometeorites space debris natural materials
21. Manmade _______ or ______ is also a threat.
debris or junk
22. The first aspect that ties the sub-systems together is the satellite’s _________. The first step of the design of the sub-system is the __________ _________________.
mission payload requirements
23. The _____________ of a satellite is like a building.
structure
24. The _____________ system provides the boost to get the satellite into orbit.
propulsion
25. To make minor corrections in direction, the __________ _________ system is used.
attitude control
26. The main source of electricity while the satellite is in orbit is the ______.
sun
27. Temperature data is part of the ________ ________ sub-system.
thermal control
28. The __________ and _________ function of a satellite is a communication system.
command and control
29. The sub-system that gets the satellite into orbit is the __________.
launch
30. An ________ is the movement or path a satellite takes around a celestial body.
orbit
31. _________’s First Law states that the orbit of each planet is an ellipse, with the sun at the focus.
Kepler
32. The highest point of an orbit is called the _________, and the lowest point is called its __________.
Apogee perigee
33. America’s first manned space flight program was called ________ ___________.
Project Mercury
34. ______ ____________ was the first American in space.
Alan Shepard
35. _______ ________ was the first American to orbit the Earth. His orbit lasted for _____ hours and ___-___ minutes and orbited the Earth ______ times.
John Glenn
36. Project Mercury answered the basic questions about __________ in ________.
survival in space
37. _______ __________ was the first two-man capsule, and it also achieved the first _______ in ______.
Project Gemini walk in space
38. ________ ___ landed on the Moon on July 20, 1969, and _____ ____________ was the first man to walk on the Moon. After we landed on the Moon, only one of the next six flights ________ ___ didn’t land on the Moon.
Apollo 11 Neil Armstrong
39. _______ ________’s mission was to put a laboratory into space. Scientists were interested in continuing their studies of the effects of _____-__________ space flights.
Project Skylab long-duration
40. The first crew manned Skylab for ____ days. The final crew spent ____ days in space.
28 84
41. The ________-________ _____ ________ was the linkup in space of an American and a Soviet manned spacecraft.
Apollo-Soyuz Test Project
42. In 1981, the Space Transportation System, commonly called the ______ ________, was launched. It provides a system for _______________ into space and a _______ _______ to Earth. The major advantage of this system is that it can be used _______ and ________.
Space Shuttle transportation return back again and again
43. The Space Shuttle consists of three main parts: the _________, the _____ _______ __________ and the _________ _______. The part that looks like an airplane is called the __________.
orbiter, solid rocket boosters external tank orbiter
44. In April 1990, the shuttle Discovery deployed the ________ _______ ____________. It operates at over _____ miles above the Earth and is free of any atmospheric ____________.
Hubble Space Telescope
45. It 1993, the shuttle carried the European developed ____________ into orbit.
Spacelab
46. Russian launched the first space station, ________ __, in April 1971.
Salyut 1
47. ________ __ stayed in space for six months then burned up when it reentered the Earth’s atmosphere.
Salyut 1
48. The next model of Russian space station was called _____. It was launched in February 1986.
Mir
49. The US’ first space station was ________. It was launched in 1973. Three different crews lived abroad, with the last crew staying the longest, ____ days.
Skylab 84
50. The European Space Agency also built a space station called ___________.
Spacelab
51. Zero gravity or ________________ exists inside the space stations.
Weightlessness
52. The air inside the space stations is a mixture of ___________ and ____________. This mixture works better than breathing ______ __________.
oxygen and nitrogen
53. For sleeping, the astronauts place sleeping bags ______________ along the walls.
vertically
54. The general term used for going outside the Space Shuttle is _______________ ___________ (_____).
Extravehicular Activity (EVA)
55. Russian _________ ___________ accomplished the first space walk in March 1965. Less than three months later, ______ ________ was the first American to walk in space.
Aleksei Leonov Ed White
56. In 1973, ________ ___ set the record for the longest EVA with seven hours and one minute.
Skylab 4
57. It was during Gemini 7 that space suits were _______ _____ inside the spacecraft for the first time.
taken off
58. In 1984, astronauts used the _________ ______________ ______ (____) for the first time, allowing them to move around in space without being tied to the spacecraft.
Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMU)
59. In November 1998, the first of several launches to construct ________ _________ ________ took place. This is a joint venture between _______, __________, __________, _________ and __________.
Space Station Alpha US, Europe, Canada, Japan and Russia
60. The _________ will replace the Space Shuttle in the 21st century.
X-33