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44 Cards in this Set

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In France, _____ _______ achieved more accuracy by launching rockets through tubes.
Jean Froissart
In England, _____ ______ increased the range of rockets.
Roger Bacon
The ______ were the first people to develop gunpowder.
Chinese
A Greek named _______ developed the first rocket engine.
Hero
Newton's Second Law of Motion states that the rate of change in the momentum of a body is _____ to the force acting upon the body and is in the direction of the force.
proportional
Liquid propellants are carried in compartments separate from the combustion chamber, one for the fuel and one for the ______.
oxidizer
In a solid propellant, the fuel is usually a mixture of hydrogen compounds and _______. The oxidizer is made up of oxygen compounds.
carbon
In the 1200s, the Chinese and Mongols used rockets as ______ of flying fire.
arrows
There are two rocket propellants, ________ or ________.
liquid, solid
The liquid propellant is usually kerosene or liquid_______; the oxidizer is usually liquid_______.
hydrogen, oxygen
The V-2 rocket was built under the directorship of _______ ____ ______.
Wernher von Braun
____ ______ _______ conducted many practical rocket experiments and became known as the Father of Modern Rocketry.
Dr. Robert Goddard
When John Glenn orbited the Earth he was launched by the powerful _______rocket.
Atlas
The ________ is the skin of the rocket and serves as the wall of the propellant tanks.
airframe
On October 4, 1957, the _____ ______ launched the first artificial satellite. It was called _______ ____.
Soviet Union, Sputnik I
Newton's ______ Law of Motion states that to every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.
Third
Modern rockets consist of four major systems: airframe, guidance, ______ and _________.
control,propulsion
The _____ system takes information from the guidance system, and keeps the rocket in the proper position and makes any needed corrections.
control
The _____ propellant is what is commonly used today.
liquid
The ______ system consists of everything directly associated with propelling the rocket.
propulsion
The ______ system steers the rocket and keeps it stable.
control
A computer is programmed to guide the rocket on a desired ________.
trajectory
The ______ system is responsible for getting the rocket to its destination.
guidance
The _____ is the brain of a rocket.
guidance
The astronauts and their data are also part of the ______.
payload
The ______ is defined as whatever the rocket is carrying.
payload
The ______ provides the shape of the rocket.
airframe
Newton's Second Law of Motion can be explained by a mathematical formula. The formula has three parts - f = ___ ___.
f = ma
______ is defined as the amount of push used to get the rocket traveling upwards.
Thrust
_______ is the tendency of an object at rest to stay at rest and an object in motion to stay in motion.
Inertia
Newton's _______ Law of Motion states that a body at rest remains at rest and a body in motion tends to stay in motion at a constant velocity unless acted on by an outside force.
First
______ is the rate of change in velocity with respect to time.
Acceleration
The _______ ___ was the launch vehicle for the Apollo 11 mission.
Saturn V
A _____ _____ is the rocket system that lifts the spacecraft.
launch vehicle
The space transportation system used for transporting to space and returning to Earth is called the _____ ______.
Space Shuttle
The United States' first space station was called _______.
Skylab
On July 20, 1969, Apollo 11 astronaut ______ _________ became the first man to walk on the Moon.
Neil Armstrong
______ ________ was the first American to orbit the Earth.
John Glenn
_______ _________ was the first American in space.
Alan Shepard
A Russian, ______ _________, was the first man to orbit Earth.
Yuri Gagarin
The United Statesí first artificial satellite was called __________ ____.
Explorer I
Goddard's first successful flight was fueled by _______ _______ and ________.
liquid oxygen and gasoline
In the 18th century, _______ _______ ________ designed rockets for military use.
Colonel William Congreve
In the 17th century, ____ _____ ______ laid the scientific foundations for modern rocketry when he developed his laws of gravity.
Sir Isaac Newton