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79 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Integumentary System
Skin Protection of the body and external support
Skeletal System
Internal support and protection, movement, protection of blood cells
Muscular System
Movement production of heat
Nervous System
Regulation of all body activities, learning and memory
Endocrine Sytem
Secretion of hormones for chemical regulation of all tissues
Respiratory System
Gasseous exchange between external environment and blood
Circulatory System
Transportation of nutrients to cells and waste away
Lymphatic System
Immunity, absorption of fats, drainage of tissue fluid
Digestive System
Breakdown and absorption of food materials
Urinary System
Maintenance of volume and chemical composition of blood.
Reproductive System
Production of egg and sperm, delivery of sperm to female and development in female
Anatomy
Study of the structure of the body
Physiology
Study of the function of body parts
How are anatomy and physiology related
The structure of body parts suits the function
What are the levels of body organization?
atom, molecule, macromolecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system and organism
Give one example of a molecule within the human body?
Amino acids
Give one example of a macromolecule
Protein, which is a combination of amino acid molecules.
What is considered the smallest "living component" of any living organism?
The cell
What are organelles?
Structures within cells that have assigned functions. Such as the nucleus and the mitochondria.
Define tissue?
Grouping of similar cells that provide a specific function
Define an organ?
Composed of two or more tissue types and performing a specific function within an organ system
Define anatomical position?
The standard for anatomical discussion. This is a view of the body facing you, standing erect with arms at the side with palms and toes directed forward.
Define the anatomical term "superior"
Located above another part. The nose is superior to the mouth.
Define "inferior" in anatomical terms?
Below another part. The mouth is inferior to the nose.
Anterior
Towards the front. The nose is anterior to the ears.
Posterior (dorsal)
Towards the back. The ears are dorsal to the nose.
Medial
Closer to the midline of the body as defined by a line bisecting the body along the plane through the nose and umbilicus. The nose is medial to the ears.
Lateral
Further from the midline of the body. The ears are lateral to the nose.
Proximal and Distal
Proximal - closer to the point of attachment to the body. The knee is proximal to the ankle

Distal - further from the point of connection to the body. The ankle is distal to the knee.
Anatomical position nearer the surface
Superficial
Define "deep" in anatomical terms
Away from the surface
Define Central in anatomical terms
located towards the center of an organ, mass or body
Define peripheral
Away from the center
A lengthwise (vertical)cut that divides the body into left and right portions
Sagittal Plane
Midsagittal Plane
A sagittal section that passes directly through the midline
Transverse Plane
A cut that divides the body horizontally giving you superior and inferior portions
Frontal (coronal) Plane
Divides the body into anterior (ventral) and posterior (dorsal) portions
Axial
Head, neck and trunk
Appendicular
The limbs
Cephalic
Head
Cranial
Skull
Frontal
Forehead
Occipital
Back of Head
Oral
Mouth
Nasal
Nose
Ophthalmic
Orbital, Eyes
Cervical
Neck
Thorax
Chest
Pectoral
Chest
Mammary
Breast
Axillary
Armpit
Vertebral
Backbone
Costal
Ribs
Celiac
Abdomen
Pelvic
Lower portion of the abdomen
Gluteal
Buttocks
Inguinal
Groin
Groin
Depressed region of abdomen near the thigh
Lumbar
Lower Back
Sacral
Lowest portion of vertebrae
Perineal
Area between anus and external genitalia
Brachial
Upper Arms
Carpal
Wrists
Cubital
Elbow
Palmar
Palms
Femoral
Thigh
Popliteal
Back of Knee
Pedal
Foot
Visceral organs
Internal organs
Name the two largest Body Cavities
Ventral and Dorsal
What are the main sub divisions of the Dorsal Cavity
Cranial Cavity
Spinal Cavity
What are the main divisions of the Ventral Cavity
Thoracic
Abdominopelvic
The Thoracic Cavity is divided into what additional cavities
Plueral
Pericardial
What is the Mediastinum
A tissue and organ mass that divides the plueral cavities
The diaphragm divides what cavities
Thoracic from the abdominopelvic
Name and identify the location of the nine regions of the abdominopelvic cavity
Umbilical - Centrally located centering on the umbilicus

Lumbar - Right and Left of the Umbilical

Epigastric - immediately superior to the umbilical region

Hypochondriac - Right and left of the epigastric region

Hypogastric - Immediately inferior to the umbilical region

Iliac - Right and left of the Hypogastric region
Homeostasis
Defines the internal bodies propensity to remain constant regardless of the external environment.
Negative Feedback
The basic feedback loop of homeostasis.
A stimulus causes a sensory receptor to signal a regulatory system which signals an effector to react to the stimulus. When the stimulus is nuetralized the effector stops production
Disease
A break down in normal body conditions which the body attempts to correct.

local - restricted
systemic - affects the entire body
Chronic - less severe but manifest over a long period
Acute - occur suddenly and generally last a short time