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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Type of reproduction that requires the joining of two sex cells
Sexual reproduction
Male sex cells
Sperm
term for the joining of an egg and sperm
fertilization
what a cell forms when an egg and sperm join
zygote
the type of reproduction that produces a new organism: with identical chromosomes to those of the parent organism
asexual reproduction
Structure in a cell's nucleus holds the hereditary information
chromosomes
cells in your body grow and divide every day by this process
mitosis
the process that produces haploid sex cells
meiosis
Term for any permanent change in a gene or chromosome
mutation
the section of DNA that contain instructions for producing certain proteins
genes
a type of nucleic acid that carries the codes for making proteins from the nucleus to the ribosomes
RNA
describes cells that have pairs of chromosomes
diploid
the code that contains all the information that an organism needs to grow and function
DNA
cells formed in the female reproductive organs which contain stored food along with the other cell parts
egg
name 6 parts of the DNA molecule
Adenine
thymine
phosphate
sugar
guanine
cytosine