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24 Cards in this Set

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Alkanes
have only C-C and C-H bonds sigma bonds, single bonds
Cycloalkanes
alkanes that have rings are called
-Alkenes
have one or more double bonds between carbons
Alkynes
have one or more triple bonds between carbons
Aromatic
hydrocarbons have one or more benzene rings
Functional group w/ C=0 where X=H
Aldehyde
Functional group w/ C=0 where X=C
Ketone
Functional group w/ C=0 where X=OH
Carboxylic acid
Functional group w/ C=0 where X=O-
carboxylate
Functional group w/ C=0 where X=O-C
ester
Functional group w/ C=0 where X=N
amide
Functional group w/ C=0 where X=Cl
Acid chloride
Functional group w/ C=0 where X=O-CO-C
acid anhydride
C-OH
alcohol
benzene-OH
phenol
C-O-C
ether
Three single bonds to the nitrogen
- amine R-NH-R
-Four single bonds to the nitrogen
- quarternary ammonium salt R4N+
-One double bond to the nitrogen, one single bond, lone electron pair
– imine -N=
-Nitrogen bonded to two oxygens and no free electron pair
–NO2
-One triple bond to the nitrogen and unshared pair of electrons
– nitrile
Sulfur analog of alcohol -
thiol- –C-SH
-Sulfur analog of ether -
thioether -C-S-C-
-Disulfides
R-S-S-R