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70 Cards in this Set

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Sentence
A word group that contains a subject and a verb and that expresses a complete thought.
Sentence Fragment
A word group that looks like a sentence but either does not contain both a subject and a verb or does not express a complete thought.
Independent Clause
A word group that has a subject and a verb and that expresses a complete though.
Subordinate Clause
A word group that has a subject and a verb but does not express a complete thought.
Paragraph
A group of related sentences.
Main Idea
Is the main point, or central message, of the paragraph.
Topic Sentence
Sentence with the main idea in it. It is often the first or second sentence of a paragraph. Sometimes it comesin the middle or at the end.
Coherence
Occurs when the details in a paragraph are arranged and connected in a way that makes sense to the reader.
Spatial Order
Presents details according to their location.
Chronological Order
Presents details in the order which they happen.
Order of Importance
Araanging details for most important to least important or from least important to most important.
Logical Order
You arrange ideas into groups.
Unity
When all of its sentences work together to support the main idea.
Elaborates
To explain or illustrate.
Subject
Tells whom or what the sentence is about.
Complete Subject
consistes of all the words needed to tell whom or what the sentence is about.
Simple Subject
Is the main word or word group that tells whom or what the sentence is about.
Predicate
Tells something about the subject.
Simple Predicate or verb
Is the main word or word group in the complete predicate.
Compound Subject
consists of two or more subjects that are joined by a conjunction and that have the same verb.
Compound Verb
consists of two or more verbs that are joined by a conjuction and that have the same subject.
autobiographical inicident
Is a true story about a specific event in a writer's life.
Expressive Writing
Writers share, or express, their thoughts and feelings, an autobiographical incident
Generalization
Is a statement that applies to many individuals or experiences, not just a specific person or experience.
Inferences
Educated guesses
Alliteration
Is describing something that is not human, such as an animal or object, as if it were human by giving it human qualities.
Simile
compares two different things using the word (like or as)
Metaphor
Compares two different things by saying one is the other.
Narrative Paragraph
Paragraph to tell a story or recount an event.
Descriptive Paragraph
Paragraph used to describe a person, animal, scene, or object.
Expository Paragraph
Paragraph used to provide information, including facts, instructions, and definitions.
Persuasive Paragraph
Paragraph used to share opinions and convince others to agree with those opinions and sometimes take action.
Compound Subject
Consists of two or more subjects that are joined by a conjunction and that have the same verb.
Compound Verb
Consists of two or more verbs that are joined by a conjunction and that have the same subject.
Action Details
Tells what events occurred and what people said.
Sensory Details
Describes what you see, hear, taste, feel, and smell.
Declarative Sentence
Sentence that makes a statement and ends with a period.
Imperative Sentence
Sentence that gives a command or makes a request.
Interrogative Sentence
Sentence asks a question and ends with a question mark.
Exclamatory Sentence
Sentence shows excitement or expresses strong feeling and ends with an exclamation point.
Common Noun
Names any one of a group of persons, places, things, and ideas.
Proper Noun
Names a particular person, place, thing, or idea. It begins with a capital letter.
Noun
A word that names a person, place, thing or idea.
Compound Noun
Is a single noun made up of two or more words used together.
Pronoun
Is a word that is used in place or one or more nouns or pronouns.
Antecedent
The word or word group that a pronoun stands for.
Possessive Pronoun
Are personal pronouns that are used to show ownership or possession.
Persuasive Paragraph
Paragraph that expresses an opinion about an issue.
Demonstrative Pronoun
pronoun that points out a specific person, place, thing, or idea.
Indefinite Pronoun
Pronoun that refers to a person, place, a thing, or an idea that may or may not be specifically named.
Interrogative Pronoun
Pronoun that introduces a question.
Relative Pronoun
Pronoun that introduces a subordinate clause.
Adjective
Is a word that is used to modify a noun or a pronoun.
Proper Adjective
Is formed from a proper noun and begins with a capital letter.
Demonstrative Adjective
When the words this, that, these, those, modify a noun.
Demonstrative Pronoun
When the words this, that these, those, are used alone.
Verb
Word that expresses action or a state of being.
Verb Phrase
The main verb and its helping verb or verbs.
Prediction
Is a guess you make about what will happen next.
Action Verb
Verb that expresses either physical or mental activity.
Linking Verb
Connects, or links, the subject to a word or word group that identifies or describes the subject.
Transitive Verb
Is a verb that expresses an action directed toward a person, place, thing, or idea.
Objects
Words that receive the action of a transitive verb.
Intransitive Verb
Verbs that tell something about the subject or expresses action without the action passing to a receiver, or object.
Complement
Is a word or word group that completes the meaning of a verb.
Direct Object
Is a noun, pronoun, or word group that tells who or what receives the action of the verb.
Indirect Object
Is a noun, pronoun, or word group that usually comes between the verb and the direct object. It tells Whom or to what or for whom or for what.
Subject Complement
Is a word or word group that is in the predicate and that identifies or describes the subject.
Predicate Nominatives
Is a word or word group that is in the predicate and that identifies the subject or refers to is.
Predicate Adjective
Is a adjective that is in the predicate and that describes the subject.