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92 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Freely Movable Joints
Fibrous
A joint in which the bones are connected by a ligament
Syndesmosis
The connection between a tooth and its socket
Gomphosis
A joint in which the bones are connected by a bar or plate o hyaline cartilage
Synchondrosis
A joint in which the 2 bones are connected by a pad of fibrocartilage
Symphysis
Connect bone to bone
Ligaments
Cross over in the center of the knee
Cruciate ligaments
T or F: The PNS contains the brain and spinal cord
False
T or F:The knee is an example of a hinge joint
True
T or F:Unipolar neruons have 3 or more extensions
False
T or F:What matter contains never cell bodies and unmyelinated fibers.
False
Which is NOT one of the quadriceps femoris muscles
bicepes femoris
Sensory neveres from internal organs
Visceral afferent
Gaps in the myelin sheath
nodes of Ranvier
Clusters of cell bodies in the CNS
nuclei
The inner meninge, attached to the brain or spinal cord
Pia mater
Parasympathetic nerves
Control basic life functions
Sympathetic nerves
Prepare the body for stress or threatening situations
Leiomyoma
A benign tumor of smooth muscle
Trichinosis
Muscle pain and swelling due to invasion of the pork roundowrm
Latissimus dorsi
Causes arm extension
Pectoralis major
Causes arm flexion
Iliacus
Flexes the thigh
Extensor digitorum
Straightens the fingers
Extensor indicis
Straightens the index finger
Deltoid
Causes arm abduction
Psoas major
Helps control posture
Tensor fascia latae
Abducts the thigh
Glueteus Maximus
Extends the thigh
Gluteus meduis
Helps keep the pelvis steady when walking
Tibialis anterior
causes dorisflexion
Popliteus
Unlocks the knee for flexion
Gastrocnemius
A calf muscle
Tibialis posterior
Stabilizes the longitudinal arch of the foot
Microglia
Tiny macrophages
Schwann cells
Produce myelin sheath for the PNS
Oligodendrocytes
Produces myelin sheath for the CNS
Ependymal cells
Line the cavities of the brain and spinal cord
Fissures
Deep cracks
Ventricles
Spaces
Gyri
Twisted ridges of tissue
Sulci
Shallow grooves
Conus medullaris
The pointed end of the spinal cord, occurs at about the waist
Axon
Carries an eletrical signal away from the cell body
Nissl bodies
Clusters of ribosomes
Dendrites
Carry an eletrical signal toward the cell body
Myelin sheath
Insulation around axons
Astrocytes
Anchor neurons
A stretches or torn ligament
Sprain
In organs, not striated, involuntary
Smooth muscle
Connective tissue surrounding a muscle cell
Endomysium
A parallel muscle with a bulge in the middle
Fusiform
Contain a lot of myoglobin, mitochondria and aerobic enzymes, contract for long periods
Red slow twitch fibers
Moves the lips
Orbicularis oris
Bend the wrist
Flexor carpi radialis and ulnaris
which is NOT one of the rotator cuff muscles?
teres major
zygomaticus
Causes smiling
Masseter
Causes chewing
Pharyngeal constictors
Causes swallowing
Sternocleidomastoid
Causes head flexion
Splenius
Bends the head backwards
Erector spinae
Straighten the spine
Diaphragm
The main breathing muscle
Rectus abdominus
Flexes the waist
Rhomboids
Pull back the scapula
Origin
The stationary end of a muscle
Insertion
The moved end of a muscle
Myoglobin
A molecule inside muscle cells that stores oxygen
Sphincters
Ring of muscle at opening and exits to control the flow of materials
Sarcolemma
Muscle cell membrane
Sarcoplasm
Muscle cytoplasm
Myofibrils
Tiny contractile fibers inside muscle cells
Synaptic cleft
The space between a neruon and another cell
Choroid plexus
Blood vessels that secrete cerebrospinal fluid
Thalamus
Relay center, determines conscious from unconscious
Hypothalmus
Cntrols blood pressure, heart rate, breathing, hunger, thrist, body temp, sleep
Cerebfrum
Controls the senses, thinking, personality
Corpus callosum
Keep the 2 sides in communication with each other
Medulla
Controls blood pressure, heart rate, breathing, vomiting, coughing, sneezing, swallowing
Cerebellum
Controls balance, coordination and equilibrium
RAS
Maintains altertness
Libic system
Our emotional center
Superior colliculus
Coordinates head and eye movement when following an object
Inferior colliculus
Causes reflex responses to sound
Flattened sacs of fluid where friction occurs
bursae
4 tendons that surround and stabilize the shoulder joint
collateral ligaments
Bending or decreasing the angle
Flexion
Bend the foot upward
Dorsiflexion
Straightening or increasing the angle
Extension
Moving toward the midline
Adduction
Turning the palm downward
pronation
moving the jaw out
protraction