The Poetics Summary Essay examples

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The Poetics- Aristotle

Tragedy- the imitation of an action that is serious and also, as having magnitude, complete in itself; in language with pleasurable accessories, each kind brought in separately in parts of the work; in a dramatic, not in a narrative form; with incidents arousing pity and fear; where with to accomplish its catharsis of such emotions.

I.      Discussion of Tragedy
A.      Six parts to a tragedy:
1.      fable/plot- the combination of incidents, or things done in the story
2.      characters- they’re what make us ascribe certain moral qualirties to the agents (actors)
3.      diction- the
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     Compared with a painting- a black and white sketch will be preferred over the most beautiful colors laid without order.
E.      Character in a play is that which reveals the moral purpose of the agents, i.e.- the sort of thing they seek or avoid, where that is not obvious.
F.      Proper construction of the fable/plot
1.      It must be constructed as a whole, with a beginning, middle, and end.
2.      It must be of a certain magnitude.
a.      Mustn’t be too small (short) or doesn’t, make the point.
b.      Mustn’t be too large (long) or you can’t grasp the entire point.
c.      The longer a story is, consistent with its being comprehended as a whole, the finer it is by reason of its magnitude.
G.      The unity of the plot does not consist of having one man as its subject.
1.      Because the plot is supposed to be an imitation of action, its unity consists of its representation of a complete action as a whole.
2.      Homer understood this concept well- e.g.- Odyssey
H.      Episodic plots are the worst.
     1. Plots are episodic when there is neither probability nor necessity in the sequence of its

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