The Legacy of Russia and the Soviet Union - Authoritarian and Repressive Traditions that Refuse to

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The Legacy of Russia and the Soviet Union - Authoritarian and Repressive Traditions that Refuse to Die

There circulated such a Soviet political anecdote: The ghost of Nicolas II visited Brezhnev to inquire about the conditions of his Mother Russia, only to be told that nothing had changed since his reign except for that the vodka was now 20 percent instead of 15. Shocked, the dead czar exclaimed: "I lost my head only for that 5 percent difference?"

This was, of course, only a humorous exaggeration, a case of political satire. Yet beneath the humor, there lies a very profound testament to the belief that Russia's political culture has been inherited from its czarist days and manifested throughout its subsequent development. The
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The Russians were Homo Sovieticus on the official paper as the homogenous people who united behind the government that represented their beliefs, yet in reality they was a highly pluralistic Na Nevo people with drastically different views, interests, and values.

Another obvious influence of pre-1920 Russian traditions in its subsequent development, undoubtedly, is the legacy of a supreme political, cultural, and even social leadership (which in turn might had fostered the Dual Russia). For 300 years the Romanovs ruled Russia as autocrats with absolute power; all laws, religions, and properties were regarded as been derived from the czar. Not only so, but the Russians generally prefer a strong monarch with an agenda to a weak one, hence the illuminated names of rulers such as Ivan the Terrible, Peter the Great, and Yekatarina the Great. This is unsurprising, when one considers the dark times the Old Russia had found itself in in the absence of strong rulers: The Golden Hordes, the events surrounding 1917, and the Civil War. These periods, called smuta, are associated with social chaos, violence, and

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