Essay on Mental Disorder: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

1809 Words 8 Pages
Posttraumatic stress disorder is “an anxiety disorder in which fear and related symptoms continue to be experienced long after a traumatic event” (comer, 143). A disorder of trauma that discusses assessments, diagnosis, and treatments used for those with PTSD. Posttraumatic stress is a disorder in which may have some affect on serum levels of the brain-derived neurotropic factors. This paper is based on case studies of individuals that have been diagnosed with Posttraumatic stress. The objective is to determine and know about what treatments works.
PTSD has six diagnostic criteria areas in which it is examined. A person must suffer from intrusive thoughts and reactions, detachment or other withdrawal, sleep disturbance, hypervigilance,
…show more content…
Due to the biological and genetic factors, there are “events that trigger physical changes in the brain and body that can lead to severe stress reactions”. There has been an abnormal activity of the hormones cortisol and neurotransmitter/hormone norepinephrine (Comer, 2014, pg. 148). Personality plays a role in a person’s personality, attitudes, and coping styles that develop PTSD (Burijon, 2007; Chung et al., 2005). Lastly, social supports that are weak develop into PTSD; while ethnic groups can cause PTSD depending on their culture and environment.
According to the South African Journal of Psychiatrist (SAJP), PTSD “represents a pathological response to a traumatic event [that is] characterized by symptoms of recurrent and intrusive distressing recollections of the event” (Seedat, S. S., 2013). PTSD has been described as a disorder that is associated with the hippocampal reduction (Hauck, S., Gomes, F., Silveira Ju’nior, E’., Almeida, E., Possa, M., &Freitas Ceitlin, L., 2009). There are symptoms such as nightmares, hallucinations, or experiences with illusions. The DSM-V has also characterized PTSD with negative alternations in cognition and mood. There is a 36% of all individuals that are diagnosed with PTSD (Seedat, S. S., 2013).
There is a 4-question screen that was developed for a study of 88 men and women. There were questions that covered re-experiencing,

Related Documents