World History Honors 3.03 Notes Essay

738 Words Dec 8th, 2013 3 Pages
3.03 Early Mesoamerican Civilizations
a. What is the Beringian Theory?
b. Due to the glacial build-up of various ice ages, a land bridge called Beringia appeared between what is now Siberia and Alaska. For at least five thousand years, grasslands connected the two continents. People were able to cross the grasslands into North America. Once there, they slowly migrated south.
c. Water levels rose. Beringia was submerged. Today, a body of water called the Bering Strait separates Siberia and Alaska. The population of the planet developed on two separate paths.
d. How Do the Early Mesoamerican Civilizations Compare?
A. Mesoamerica
e. Mesoamerica is a region that is defined by the cultural similarities of its indigenous populations. It
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The settlement at Monte Albán flourished primarily from 300 to 900 CE.
3. Thousands of Zapotec still live in Oaxaca. Most are farmers or craftsmen, and they speak several dialects of Zapotec.
j. How Do The Early Andean Civilizations Compare?
A. Andean Civilizations
1. The long wet season is beneficial to agriculture, the many river valleys are fertile, and fish are plentiful.
k. In terrace farming, "steps" are made in the side of a mountain to plant crops on. These agricultural techniques began to be developed in the Andes around 4000 years ago.
B. The ChavÍn
l. From 900 to 200 BCE, the ChavÍn flourished. The ChavÍn brought the first political unification to the region, uniting some local groups with a common religion and culture.
m. The temple ruins at ChavÍn de Huántar include many common ChavÍn motifs, such as people, birds, cats, crocodiles, and serpents. The temple shows that the ChavÍn understood drainage.
C. The Nazca
1. From 200 BCE to 600 CE the Nazca produced fine art. Nazca pottery is very recognizable and attractive. It is polychrome, meaning that one piece is decorated with several different colors. Although the images are of people and animals, they are highly stylized and angular.
n. Perhaps the most famous art of this culture is the Nazca lines. These are line drawings created out of stone that are so massive they can only be seen from the air. Plants and

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