What Challenges Do Police Recruiters Face When Recruiting Prospective Asian Candidates?
After reviewing and examining prior and current literature on the underrepresentation of Asian-Americans in law enforcement, the following questions have been identified:
1. Why are Asian-Americans underrepresented in U.S. police departments?
2. What challenges do police recruiters face when recruiting prospective Asian candidates?
3. How can law enforcement agencies address common barriers among communities to develop a diverse police force?
Regarding the first research question: Why are Asian-Americans underrepresented in U.S. police departments? Twelve peer-reviewed journals and five published books specifically referenced to the underrepresentation of the aforementioned ethnic group. Asians are underrepresented in law enforcement for two specific reasons, which are institutional barriers and personal preference (Gaines & Kappeler, 2014). Gaines and Kappeler (2014) states, “Institutional barriers refer to the formal and informal barriers police departments erect to dissuade minorities from seeking employment or continuing employment if they are hired” (p. 118). Examples of institutional barriers consist of but are not limited to the following: (1)…