Utilitarianism and Euthanasia Essay

1032 Words Apr 1st, 2012 5 Pages
Laurentine Asare Philosophy 103 April 28, 2011 ETHICS
The moral issue that I will discuss about is Euthanasia. Euthanasia simplu means bringing the death of another for the benefit of that person and also known as mercy killing. “When a person carries out an act of euthanasia, he brings about the death of another person because he believes the latter's present existence is so bad that she would be better off dead, or believes that unless he intervenes and ends her life, it will
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Utilitarianism comes with three implications of the principle of utilitarianism; We should always seek the greatest good for the greatest number. We should always aim to maximize net happiness and Actions are right in proportion to their benefit. We should not think of ourselves but think of the whole group and what we can do to maximize happiness. According to Utilitarianism, the ultimate goal is to increase happiness, they don’t care about the motives. It says that one cannot privilege their own happiness over the happiness of others. Consequentialism is a thesis which claims we should evaluate the morality of an act based on outcome not intentions. Therefore, an act is right if it produces more good consequences than bad consequences, for all parties involved, given the reasonable alternatives. Same outcome:same moral judgement. Consequentialism looks at intentions.
In applying euthanasia to Utilitarianism, utilitarianism states that happiness of the mass is the greatest outcome and since euthanasia is mercy killing. For example if a doctor tries to save a patient and the patient dies and another doctor made the patient die on purpose and didn’t try to save him. Utilitarian’s wouldn’t care because both doctors have the same moral judgement and outcome. Which is bad because not everyone is happy because the patient was denied her/ his will and for that it doesn’t make the

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