Essay about Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, And Jean Jaques Rousseau

1380 Words Mar 2nd, 2016 6 Pages
Theories regarding the source and acquisition of knowledge, the needs of human life, necessity of freedom, inequality, the general will and the collective good outlined the beginning of civil society. It was from here that an understanding of the political society was built. Good government, sovereignty, and legitimate authority are the definitions upon which the modern state is built. Fundamental to our contemporary understanding of the modern government is the work of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jaques Rousseau. The liberals who theories laid the groundwork for the basic structure and principles of the modern political order. Each begin with varied accounts of the state of nature and then furthered their perspective by expanding to argue the purpose and structure of government. Yet despite how invaluable their respective arguments are to the state Locke emerges victorious in offering the most compelling version of liberalism. Locke is the most persuasive liberal because seen his ideas are pragmatic and are reflected in the modern state. In The Second Treatise of Government Locke addresses his conception of the state of nature as the foundation to what he later argues is the purpose and intended structure of government.

Locke’s idea of natural rights as found in the state of nature is inherent to the modern state. His notion of the right to “Life, Health, Liberty, or Possessions” (Locke, 271) is found in every progressive constitution. The state of nature was…

Related Documents