The 's Syndrome Is An Endocrine Disorder Caused By Elevated Levels Of Cortisol

1134 Words Oct 15th, 2015 null Page
Cushing’s Syndrome is an endocrine disorder caused by elevated levels of cortisol in the body. The endocrine system is made up of several different glands which produce hormones that regulate various functions of the body. The adrenal glands, located at the top of each kidney, are responsible for the production of cortisol. Cortisol is essential in the regulation of blood pressure, and cardiovascular function. Cortisol also aids the body’s stress response, and helps to metabolize proteins, carbs, and fats (Cushing’s Syndrome:Causes,n.d.,p1). Cushing’s Syndrome, also called hypercortisolism, may develop if cortisol levels are too high. Complications of Cushing’s Syndrome include unusual bone fractures due to osteoporosis, hypertension, diabetes, frequent infections and muscle loss(Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, 2011). Long term use of corticosteroid medications in high doses is the most common cause of Cushing’s Syndrome. This is sometimes referred to as exogenous Cushing’s Syndrome, because the cause originates outside of the body. Corticosteroid medications, such as prednisone, are often prescribed to treat certain inflammatory conditions such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, or asthma. Corticosteroids may also be used for the treatment of certain autoimmune disorders or to prevent rejection of a transplanted organ(Causes,n.d.,p1). These treatments require higher doses of cortisol than is needed by the body, therefore effects of excess cortisol can…

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