The Strange Case Of Dr. Jekyll And Mr. Hyde Essay

882 Words 4 Pages
From the time humans began to understand the functions present within the brain, they have tried to question the conscious and unconscious mind. Is man an existence embodied with good and evil? Are the actions and behaviors related to the identity of a person? In the early 20th century, neurologist Sigmund Freud developed a theory based on the psyche, which states that humans have three identities. These are the id, ego, and superego , which “operate at an unconscious level according to the pleasure principle, satisfy the demands of the id in a safe, socially acceptable way, and is responsible for ensuring [that] moral standards are followed,” respectively (McLeod, "Sigmund Freud"). Although published before the theory, Robert Louis Stevenson’s novel The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde illustrates a case relating to it where a scientist named Henry Jekyll tampers with human nature. Through his own methodologies, Henry Jekyll manipulates science and separates himself into dual personalities, the ego as his own self and the id as his inner darker self.
Born in some year of the 1800s, Henry Jekyll is first introduced at the age of fifty. He is a tall, handsome, and educated man. Jekyll comes from an affluent family and a wealthy background, so he owns a fortune of a large estate. His upbringing seems to give him a “guarantee of an honorable and distinguished future” (Stevenson 42). In addition to his wealth, he is a prominent and popular scientist in London,…

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