The Role and Functions of Law in Modern American Society Essays

1108 Words May 17th, 2013 5 Pages
The Role and Functions of Law in Modern American Society
September 10, 2012

The legal system in the United States is set forth by the Founding Fathers in the Constitution. The Constitution defines certain inalienable rights inherent to all citizens and provides the framework for the federal system. The government is separated into three branches: a bicameral Congress, the Executive branch, and the Judicial branch. These sections of government hold different responsibilities in the legal system and work together to make it work. The federal government is given preemptive power over the states, making it the final authority on legal matters. Military law has a few differences when compared to civilian law,
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(U.S. Const. art. VI, § 2) Law is continually evolving, it is always being revised and updated to meet the needs of society. In order service that requirement the Founding Fathers instituted a government with three branches. This government is responsible for the law, and by that law, the safety, security, and preservation of civil rights and order. Before the purpose of law can be explored, the administration of law must be introduced. The Constitution created a federal system in which the federal government coexists with the governments of the states (Melvin, 2011, p. 28). Although these governments must work together, Article VI of the Constitution ensures that the federal government holds the final power in what is known as the Supremacy Clause (U.S. Const. art. VI, § 2). The Constitution broke the government into three branches, set forth checks and balances, and gave each branch certain legal responsibilities. The first Article of the Constitution establishes the legislative branch, a bicameral Congress comprised of representatives from the 50 states. These representatives are responsible for lawmaking in the United States. Article II establishes the executive branch, namely the President and his cabinet, and gives him the

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