UN Partition Plan

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The impact that the UN Partition Plan had on the Arab-Israeli Conflict was colossal as the tension was transformed into violence after the plan had been implemented. This was due to the reactions that both Arab and Jewish people had regarding the plan, the wars resulting from the plan and the results and consequences of these wars. In its simplest form the Arab-Israeli Conflict did not begin when the UN Partition Plan was implemented but was heightened from the tension between the Arabs and Jews.

The UN Partition Plan was proposed to create peace between the two conflicting groups and divide Palestine into a Jewish state and an Arab state with Jerusalem internationalised into a city. On November 29th 1947 the United Nations voted on the Partition
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Wars arose after the implementation of the Partition Plan, some significant ones consist of the War of Independence, the Six Day War, the Yom Kippur War and the Gulf War. All of these wars occurred after the Partition Plan came into effect on the 14th of May 1948. “The effect of the United Nations (UN) Resolution 181 in November 1947 was to provoke a period of civil war in Palestine.” (Pg. 313 Key Features of Modern History Third Edition). The War of Independence began almost at the instant Israel was created, the war included the armies of five Arab countries Egypt, Transjordan, Syria, Lebanon and Iraq and Israel’s army. The Arab army crossed the borders to destroy the new state right after its birth. Fighting only lasted until June when a ceasefire was backed by the United Nations although during this time the Israelis gathered more arms from Czechoslovakia and began to demonstrate the delicateness of Ben-Gurion’s leadership and the fear the Jewish cause maybe vulnerable by internal divisions. The ceasefire ended in July with the Arabs resuming the fight however with the arrival of arms during the ceasefire Israel’s army had the upper hand and drove out the Arab armies. The war ended officially in February 1949 with Egypt and Israel singing an armistice agreement and armistice agreements following with the other Arab countries. Reasons for the victory of the …show more content…
Resulting in an Israeli victory the Arab states were devastated not only by loss of the war but by the loss of their land, this included the Sinai Peninsula, Golan Heights, the West Bank and Jerusalem. This was not the only loss the Arab people suffered they also lost most of their military equipment and Arab leaders similarly lost popularity from their nation. Arab-Israeli conflict revolved around a right for the Jewish people to create their own state however after the Six Day War it revolved around the territories of each state. This was not the only result of the Six Day War, much like the War of Independence hundreds of thousands of refugees were made as the Israelis now controlled most of the old Palestine. As the Israelis were revelling in their victory, the Palestinians were creating rebel groups and attacking Israel as there was an increase in nationalism. The Six Day War was a game changer in terms of the defeat the Palestinians suffered and the change in motive for both parties with Israelis wanting to maintain the territory and Arab people wanting to regain the territory

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