The Handmaid 's Tale By Margaret Atwood Essay

1698 Words May 31st, 2016 7 Pages
Totalitarianism is the absolute control of people by a government or person. Totalitarianism restricts freedom and liberty. Totalitarianism controls the people. It controls their actions, opinions, life, speech, and happiness. Totalitarianism is a form of slavery, but there is not much rebellion. North Korea, Nazi Germany, USSR is all totalitarian countries. They all repress and oppress rights, but rebellion is not prominent. Oceana and the Republic of Gilead are both fictional dystopian totalitarian regimes. Fear, hopelessness, indoctrination are the leading factors in preventing rebellion.

Fear is a powerful emotion. Fear is so powerful that the thought of it can consume a person. People oppressed by totalitarian governments are afraid to rebel because they are afraid of the consequences. The Handmaid’s Tale by Margaret Atwood is a dystopian novel about a world where giving birth to a healthy child is equal to their safety. Offred, the protagonist, is expected to give birth to a healthy child, and if she fails to do so, she will be punished. Offred states “Give me children or else I die. There’s more than one meaning to it (Atwood 61)” She does not agree with the ideals of the Republic, but cannot challenge them without facing the death sentence. Terror is what keeps her under Gilead’s control. She has to obey the commands of her superiors otherwise she is subjected to death. 1984 by George Orwell is a dystopian novel about a world where people are monitored every…

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