The Evolution in Primate Locomotion and Body Configuration Essay
The Evolution of Primate Locomotion and Body Configuration
Primates first evolved from the trees of tropical forests, later to the ground. Through the times of promisians to human, many characteristics has been represented due to the adaptations to new environments and resulted in evolutionary changes. The Earth has encountered several geological and climatic changes over time. For the primates existed at that time had to adjust itself especially in body configurations and locomotion in order to better survive. It is important to be aware of this information since we are the part of occurring changes as well. Throughout the evolution owing to …show more content…
Figure II. Tarsier clinging vertically on the tree branch with its hands and feet.
They are vertical clingers and jumpers and they use this characteristic to surprise their prey. The hindlimbs are longer, usually as twice as much, and that enables them to leap well. They move from tree to tree by clinging vertically to a trunk or branch and then leaping to cling vertically to the next trunk or branch (Fleagle, 1999). They are known to able to jump up to seven feet. In order to leap effectively and easily, the lower leg bones are fused about halfway down their length, giving the leg more strength (“Tarsiers – Locomotion,” n.d.). They hop on their long legs when not moving from branch to branch.
Grade III – Monkeys The third grade of primates, monkeys, evolved about 35 million years ago