The Economic Effects Of The Black Plague In The 14th Century

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The Black Plague struck first in Southern Europe during the mid-fourteenth century and cause many hardships to the people of Europe. As the plague spread throughout Europe, many local communities took extreme measures in means of hoping to further stop the spread of the plague. While some people took extreme measures to prevent the plague, a majority of the population took religious stances in hopes of finding guidance, and as a way of hoping to escape the plague. Throughout the Black Plague, many people suffered, but some took the plague to their own economic advantage. The Black Plague decimated one-third of Europe’s population and caused the survivors to take extreme measures, religious stances, and to focus heavily on personal gain. …show more content…
Many people who were infected were frightened at the thought of death and they went into hiding to escape judgment from others. Another reason the infected were afraid, was because the thinking of many people during that time was to “Quarantine the diseased, gallows to punish and frighten the violators.” (Document 6). This may have scared many people into hiding as they did not want to be separated from their family or be sent to the gallows as punishment. While some people went into hiding in fear of being quarantined, others took more desperate measures and literally tried everything they could to cure themselves. “As people became more desperate, they began to use toad’s venom in hopes of sucking out the plague” (Document 10). People became very hopeless during the spreading of the plague, that they even took extreme measures of hanging toads in hopes of “sucking out the plague.” While the people of Europe fell into chaos, the leaders of the states of power stopped all trade and all travel stopped. This was because the plague had first spread from fleas on rats which were on board trading ships.“The trade of Europe in France, Holland, Spain , and Italy was stopped. (Document 14). This not only led to a lack of communications with other nations, but it also led people to “die of hunger in their own houses” (Document 5). The …show more content…
The Black Plague was a time of economic struggle for Europe, and many people were out of money and turned to “evil acts”. Relatives of the wealthy hired people to “smear plague ointment to get inheritances quicker” (Document 4). While many people were dying from the spreading of the plague, some died from the acts of people purposely trying to infect others. Not only were those with inheritance blinded by money, but nurses were too. “Nurses made patients die quicker so they could collect their fees” (Document 11). Nurses were hired by the infected to help cure and spend time with them, but most nurses had other thoughts in mind and were blinded by the greed for money and did not care for their patients. The greed for money and resources was a somewhat common theme during the plague as people needed to have a resource for food, clothing, etc… However, after the plague, a better economy rose for landowners who were able to survive the plague” (pg. 413). The plague killed between 25-60% of Europe’s population, and with a majority of the population deceased, the surplus of food and land cause many to become quickly if not instantly wealthy. This led to many economic benefits and many people benefited also from having a surplus of resources in which they could rely

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