The Crucible By Arthur Miller Essay

1327 Words Apr 21st, 2016 6 Pages
The Crucible, by Arthur Miller, follows realistic events that occurred within Salem, Massachusetts during the late seventeenth century. Significantly influenced by its distinctive and individualistic characters, the play’s plot effectively captures the important details pertaining to the bizarre Salem witch trials. Each character has unique experiences that result in a plethora of different perceptions on every event. Lies, truths, deceit, and respect of characters shape the story, communicating themes of good versus evil, justice, respect and reputation. Various decisions and actions tacitly indicate internal conflict within a multitude of characters. Upon psychoanalysis, motifs of each individual in the play can be determined. Within The Crucible, Sigmund Freud’s personality model and anxiety theories become evident through Abigail Williams, Rebecca Nurse, and John Proctor, who respectively represent the id, the ego, and the superego.
To begin, Abigail Williams is representative of the id. The id’s sole purpose is to guarantee that all basic needs and desires are fulfilled (Heffner 1). According to Dr. Christopher Heffner, “The id doesn’t care about reality, about the needs of anyone else, only its own satisfaction,” (Heffner 2). Furthermore, the id is often inherited and can be observed at all stages of life, even immediately after birth (McLeod 1).
Throughout The Crucible, Abigail demonstrates an overpowering greed for John Proctor, for whom she harbors unrequited…

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