Symptoms And Treatments Of Dementia

Improved Essays
The most common form of dementia is Alzheimer’s or [AD]. This is where the brain gradual deteriorates. Although is more common in people age 65 and older, it is not a normal part of aging. People in their 40s or 50s that get AD is also known as younger-onset. Family history or genetics also play a role in this disease. Symptoms such as memory loss and confusion worsen overtime. There are three stages of AD. The first stage is mild or early-stage, the second is moderate or middle-stage, and the last stage is severe or late-stage. Even though there is no single test that can tell if a person has AD, there are some medical evaluations that can diagnose it. People that are diagnosed with Alzheimer’s do have some treatment options for the symptoms. …show more content…
A single test will not say one has AD or not, a physician can evaluate a person and determine if they do or not. The physician will do a thorough medical history, metal status testing, a physical and neurological exam, and test such as blood, and brain imaging. The blood tests and brain imaging is to rule out any other diseases that presents itself like AD. Going through one’s medical history will show all current and past illnesses. It also shows what close family members suffer from and can help determine if they had AD or related dementias. The physical exam will include: questions about diet, review of medications check on blood pressure, temperature, and pulse, listening to heart and lungs, collection of blood or urine for lab test, and overall health assessments. Genetic testing is done to see of the person has the gene APOE-e4 which is the strongest gene for AD. Having this gene only means the person has more of a chance of getting AD not that they will for sure, but physicians don’t think people should get genetic test for AD done regularly. This is usually only done for research studies. Neurological exams are done to test reflexes, coordination eye movement, speech, and sensation. Brain imaging such as MRI or CT scans can rule out conditions that present like AD, but require different treatment (alzheimer’s …show more content…
There are medications for the early stages of AD are called Cholinesterase inhibitors, which are to help with memory, thinking, language, judgement, and other thought processes. These inhibitors prevent breakdown of acetylcholine, which is a chemical important for learning and memory. Also they delay the symptoms for an average of 6-12 months. Although, some side effects are nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and increase in bowel movement. The three that are most commonly prescribed are Donepezil (Aricept) for all stages, Rivastigmine (Exelon) for more mild to moderate stages, and Galantamine (Razadyne) also for mild to moderate stages. For the more severe stages, memantine (Namenda) is given. It is for improving memory, attention, reasoning, language, and to be able to perform simple task. It helps regulate activity of glutamate, also a chemical for learning and memory, temporarily delays worsening of symptoms. Side effects of this drug can be headaches, constipation, confusion, and dizziness. Medications for behavioral symptoms include: antidepressants, anxiolytics, and antipsychotic medications. Depending on the person’s specific needs (alzheimer’s

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    There are two main types of medication that can be prescribed to treat the cognitive symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. Each medication type has different characteristics, but they all have the same common goal of reducing the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. The medications that have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for Alzheimer patients are cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine. Cholinesterase inhibitors prevent the breakdown of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which is the neurotransmitter associated with memory and thinking, and delay the worsening of symptoms for 6 to 12 months. This type of medication is usually prescribed to patient’s in the early to moderate stages of the disease.…

    • 1022 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    They also do a physical and neurological examination along with studying signs and symptoms of patient. To rule out possibilities of additional conditions, doctors may order blood tests, MRI, ultrasound of brain, and PET scans (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2015). There is no one diagnostic test for PD and mild cases in the first stage can go undiagnosed even by a skilled neurologist (PDF, 2016). Blood tests and other imaging tests are being researched for better diagnoses. There are scans that test dopamine levels and parts of the brain but are extremely expensive and hard to access (PDF, 2016).…

    • 1621 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    There are also medications that can help with behavioral symptoms such as violence, depression, and inability to sleep. While these medications may work for some people, they do not work for everyone. There are currently four medications that can help maintain memory and speaking skills for a while. For people with mild to moderate Alzheimer’s, donepezil (Aricept®), rivastigmine (Exelon®), or galantamine (Razadyne®) may be administered, and Memantine (Namenda®), can be used to treat symptoms of moderate to severe Alzheimer’s. These medications may cause unpleasant side effects such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and loss of appetite, so it is important to monitor the use of these drugs and make sure that no abnormal side effects are occurring (National Institute of Healthcare, 2014).…

    • 1083 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Megan Stine & Megan Woods: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibiters Anti-depressant and can also be used to treat anxiety. They are most selective and mainly focus on serotonin and they block the reuptake and keep the section in the post synaptic and causes a larger effect. Repairs structures in the brain. There are a lot of side effect but they should only last for a week. Anxiousness, vomiting, nausea, decreased sexual desire.…

    • 781 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Adhd Research Paper

    • 1481 Words
    • 6 Pages

    There are also cases of extreme mood swings, and even depression in some patients. Some people say it can make a person not even seem like themselves when they are taking Adderall. Ritalin is another popular drug that people diagnosed with ADD or ADHD take. This also is a stimulate used to access the certain part of the brain that causes the hyperactivity and impulses. The main chemical in Ritalin is Methylphenidate which, like the amphetamines, stimulates the brain and provides aid to the patient.…

    • 1481 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    To help the doctors make the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease, they need to examine the brain as much as they can to be able to make the proper diagnosis. Keeping your mind active, exercising, and not being obese can help to lower your tendency for the disease and help with the outcome of a healthy life. There aren’t any drugs to reverse the progression of the disease. However, there are drugs to help improve the symptoms of Alzheimer’s. It has been found that Parkinson’s disease and Multiple Sclerosis have similar clinical and pathological symptoms to Alzheimer’s…

    • 786 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    His job is to take family history and examination in consideration before diagnosing a patient with PD. Until this day there are no standard tests to diagnose Parkinson’s disease but there are procedures that a doctor has to take before establishing a conclusion. Distinguishing Parkinson’s is solely based on symptoms associated shivering, rigidity and body kinesis. Among these procedures involve is examinations of tremor during resting periods, current stiffness in the collar area or limbs, if there is no problem with walking and if the person is able to regain balance quickly. Though, there is an up to date testing concerning imaging scans many cannot afford such medical practice.…

    • 1174 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    Alzheimer’s disease is a type of dementia and is also the most common form of it. It is According to the Alzheimer’s Association, it accounts for 60 to 80 percent of dementia. This disease is an advanced loss of intellectual function that eventually interferes with someone’s day to day living; such as relationships, work ethic, and even personal hygiene. With Alzheimer’s, there is a lack of ambition, changes in personality, and weakened judgment. This progressive disease happens in people who are 65 years old and older.…

    • 1133 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    What Is Alzheimer's?

    • 980 Words
    • 4 Pages

    They also do a physical examination and check neurological function. As stated before Alzheimer’s cannot be detected early. Doctors first rule out any other problems to prove it is Alzheimer’s or another form of dementia. To diagnose this disease, they may run blood test and urine test as well as brain scans. Treatment for Alzheimer’s can include activities of daily living and support groups.…

    • 980 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Cobalamin is a vitamin that in some cases has showed to improve memory and mental function. While using Acetyl L-carnitine has brought different results. “Some studies have indicated that 2–3 g daily slows the progression of AD in patients who developed the disease before age 66. Patients who developed AD after age 66 worsened with the treatment (Margaret…

    • 893 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays

Related Topics