Symptoms And Treatment Of Cancer Essay

1897 Words Jun 10th, 2015 null Page
Cancer is a disease in which abnormal growth of cells divide uncontrollably and destroy body tissues (“Cancer- Google Search”). There are more than 100 types of cancer, that includes lung cancer, breast cancer, skin cancer, prostate cancer, and lymphoma. The symptoms vary depending on the type of cancer active. Most of the them are detected after a tumor is felt or when other symptoms start to develop. It can also be detected in blood, urine, or incidentally by reason of evaluating or treating other medical problems (“Cancer Center”). Stages of cancer refer to the extent of the cancer, such as how large the tumor is , and if it has spread throughout the body (“Cancer Staging”).
Cells become cancer because of damaged DNA. In a normal cell, when DNA gets damaged the cell either repairs the damage or dies. In a cancer cell, the damaged DNA is not repaired, but the cell doesn’t die. Instead, this cell goes on making new cells that the body doesn’t need. These extra cells can form a mass called a tumor.These new cells that were made all have the same damaged DNA as the first cell does. People can inherit damaged DNA , most DNA is caused by mistakes that happen while the normal cell is reproducing or by something in our environment. Sometimes the cause of the DNA getting damaged is by something very obvious, for example, smoking (“What is Cancer ?”). The following increase the risk of developing cancer: poor nutrition, heavy alcohol use, low activity levels, and exposure to…

Related Documents