SSD2 Module 4 Notes Essay

28457 Words Jun 2nd, 2015 114 Pages
MODULE 04

Cross-Cultural Competency
Culture
Culture is the pattern of action and the ways of perceiving, feeling, and thinking acquired growing up in a particular group of people
Ethnocentrism
Ethnocentrism is the attitude held by the members of a culture that theirs is the only true, right, and best way to view and act in the world.
Cultural relativism
Cultural relativism is the idea that human behavior, ideas, and emotions must be understood in the context of the whole culture in which they occur.
Culture shock
Culture shock is the feelings of alienation, hostility, heightened ethnocentrism, sense of loss, depression and/or self doubt that may result from immersion in a new culture.
Subcultures
Subcultures are groups within complex
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Do not underestimate the importance of language in establishing good relations with locals. Taking the time to learn even basic greetings can make a huge difference in establishing rapport. Usually, you are starting at a disadvantage, seen as a stranger with a gun. Using greetings in their own tongue shows locals that you have enough respect for them to make an effort to speak in their language. Failure to communicate is often interpreted as hostility or at least a lack of interest. Learn some of the local language and avoid that misimpression.
Knowing some of the local's language can be invaluable in helping you determine if your interpreter is doing his or her job well. Knowing the language can also give you insights into locals' conversations, which they may presume you cannot understand. The language barrier is often used as a disguise of local intentions and a tool to maintain separation from outsiders—a sort of built-in everyday code.
Switching languages in the course of conversation is known as code switching. In many regions of the world, most people can speak two or even three languages. Use of a second language in the context of a conversation often helps locals maintain ethnic or otherwise specialized identities during social interaction. Generally, use of a particular language in these code-switching

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