Soviet Union Realism

2010 Words 9 Pages
Since the fall of the Soviet Union many IR theories have made an effort to explain what lead to the fall of communism and the USSR. From the perspective of realists’, it can be said that realists’ connect the USSR’s lesser role in maintaining their influence and power along with a stagnant economy as primary factors for its collapse. In addition to these factors, some realists’ say that at the time when Mikhail Gorbachev came into power his less assertive behavior to use his power and deal with the political turmoil in Russia and its satellite states played an essential role in the Soviet Union’s demise. From the view of liberals, it is noted that the Soviet economy’s stagnation played a major role in their collapse. Liberals further state …show more content…
A for reason why the realist view can be considered inconsistent is because realist the notion of maintaining power to survive is the same issue why the Soviet Union began to fall apart due not being able to manage itself economically and its massive territorial gains since WWII. The liberal suggestions of Russia’s poor economic performance, use of military force over economic leverage, and isolation from the international community, along with overlooking state interests’ outside of Russia provide plausible reasons to consider for the USSR’s collapse. Historically, since Joseph Stalin passed away the Russian economy had been stagnant for a very long time to which Russia never fully attempted to resolve by focusing government attention on national needs. The satellite states under Soviet control for years had suffered great oppression under communist rule powered by political corruption and fear to which this cause and effect scenario never made them any better economically. The national and state interests’ of Soviet satellite states had greatly differed to that of the Soviet Union’s to a point where almost all of them separated from Russia by 1991. Furthermore, the collapse of the Soviet Union had been a turning point of the decade in 1991 as it was one of the most important moments in history leading to the end of the Cold War easing global fears of nuclear destruction and war.

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