Sparta And Athens Compare And Contrast

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Midterm: The Sparta and Athens
The ancient Greek city, first thought should be Spartan and Athens. The two city-states have always been very contrary to the impression that Sparta is the authoritarian oligarchy, known for land military forces, and Athens is open-minded democracy, Athens is not the kind of brave feeling, but Is good at philosophy, literature, art, mathematics, cultural capital, but also the sea Pa people. More importantly, after the second Greco-Persian Wars (480 to 479 BC), the relationship between the two sides rapidly deteriorated, and ultimately the two teams in the year 431 years broke out for 27 years of the Peloponnesian War.
Spartan and Athens oppose the image not only in the modern but even in ancient times are also
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Look carefully; it can quickly find that the two are moving in the same direction: the power of the king weakened and formalized. The nobility transformed into the high bourgeoisie into the ruling class. More people can afford to equip themselves with the ability to form an emerging "middle class" who wants to share power with the ruling class. The opposition of oligarchy is the most natural development because of the overhead and symbolic form of the king's power. The king of Sparta was able to maintain his family hereditary by giving up his power in time, and the relative system of the Senate and the governor became a model of oligarchy. The king of Athens became the only one of the names of the consul, and then developed the system of war gods parliament and the consul is also a kind of oligarchy.
The most significant difference between Sparta and Athens is the third point we mentioned above. The legend of Lycurgus of Spare states that the land distributed to all Spartans and restricted money, but as pointed out by the scholar Stephen Hodkinson, it must take into account. Perhaps these laws do exist, but like communism, theory and reality do not necessarily match. But even so, Spartan's society is indeed a certain degree of social

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