Essay Self Complexity And Crime : Extending General Strain Theory

977 Words Apr 28th, 2016 4 Pages

The first journal article focuses on how complexity of identity affects deviant/criminal behavior in the presence of strain. We all know that the General Strain Theory has a number of factors that affect who is more likely to react to strain with crime. According to this study there is a previously neglected conditioning factor called self-complexity (SC), which is introduced from the social psychology literature. According to the literature self-complexity refers to; the number of identities people perceive as important to themselves; and the varied characteristics they attribute to these identities. Individuals who are lower in self-complexity are more likely to assault another person and drink heavily than those individuals who are higher in self-complexity, and should be included in General Strain Theory. However, according to the study self-complexity has been neglected by The General Strain Theory. According to The General Strain Theory, people are pressured into crime due to the strains or negative events or the conditions they experience (Agnew, 2006), and not self-complexity; a term that refers to a person’s perceived knowledge of herself/himself, based upon the number of distinct cognitive structures, or self-aspects, they believe themselves to possess (Dixon, T. M. & Baumeister, R. F. 1991). There are some key factors in the previous statement that explains why The General Strain Theory rejects…

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