Essay on Research On Early Irrigation Of Xinjiang And Adjacent Areas

1048 Words Nov 23rd, 2016 5 Pages
MGK and Research on Early Irrigation in Xinjiang and Adjacent Areas
Archaeologists working in Central Asia have identified three traditions of early irrigation technology, namely the western Central Asia tradition (Andrianov 2016; Lewis 1966; Malatesta et al. 2012), the northern China tradition (Huang 1984a, 1984b; Wang 1983), and the uncategorized tradition in Xinjiang (Debaine-Francfort et al. 2010; Li 1988). Among them, the western Central Asia tradition has left the richest archaeological remains, and has also been most intensively investigated, especially during the Soviet period (Andrianov 2016; Tolstov 1948, 1962). We now know this tradition originated from the Kopet Dag piedmont (KDP) region as suggested by excavations at the Neolithic site of Jeitun (6200-5800 cal BC; Harris 2011). During the Eneolithic period, a complicated form of canal irrigation appeared near the settlements of Geoksyur, an area closely related to the KDP region both spatially and culturally (Kohl 2007). The oldest canal of this irrigation system dates to the late fourth millennium BC while other later canals were used to the mid-third millennium BC (Lisitsina 1969). During the Bronze Age, irrigation technology spread further eastward and underpinned the prosperity of the Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex (BMAC), also known as the Oxus civilization. During this period small canal irrigation systems also became common in areas such as the Zeravshan River Valley, the Fergana Valley, and…

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