Religion Is The Most Important Cultural Development For Past Societies?

1447 Words Apr 25th, 2016 6 Pages
Religion in politics was the most important cultural development for past societies. Religion was a critical component of politics in ancient societies like the Babylonians. It was well integrated in the government and judicial system. However, a shift from religion and politics being united to being separate was seen in Boniface VIII’s Unam Sanctum.
Religion was highly incorporated into politics in the past societies. In the Babylonian society, they believed that their gods controlled fate. Their dedication and strong faith in the gods is evident through their punishment for crimes. When crimes can’t be proven with evidence, the accused jumps into the river as a way to determine innocence:
“If any one bring an accusation against a man, and the accused go to the river and leap into the river, if he sink in the river his accuser shall take possession of his house. But if the river prove that the accused is not guilty, and he escape unhurt, then he who had brought the accusation shall be put to death, while he who leaped into the river shall take possession of the house that had belonged to his accuser” (Hammurabi law 2).
Rivers were used as an expression of divine judgment, which ultimately showed the Mesopotamian’s faith to gods. They allowed their God to essentially rule them by using the river as God’s means of conveying judgment. Also, when Cyrus Cylinder ruled Babylon he credited the great god Marduk for blessing him and all the citizens:
“Marduk, the great lord,…

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