Essay on On Why Hobbes Is More Reasonable Than Locke
In a …show more content…
The relevance of Hobbes’ Social Contract theory
Most people wrongly get stuck at the point where life is described by Hobbes as “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short”. I have no authority to describe what life was without a social contract as I have never known man to exist in a state of nature for long enough to study. More important to me is what man’s reaction to being in a state of nature is. Man strives to remain peaceful and maintain equality with his fellow man. According to Hobbes, the Leviathan ought to maintain this state by punishing those who unjustly exceed the limits of their power as per the contract. A modern view of the Leviathan is the government, which will enforce the laws that the citizens (through their legislative representatives) have agreed upon (a social contract). Hobbes’ view that the Leviathan should be a monarch is, no doubt, influenced by European politics at the time, which was dominated by monarchies.
Hobbes does not argue that man is not a social animal, his argument is